78984691948520001682149--12-312023FYfalseWISAhttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#OtherAssetsNoncurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#AccruedLiabilitiesCurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#OtherLiabilitiesNoncurrent000000383350712564333568550.013.1882.890.010.01P10D0.01P2Yfalse0P5YP5Yhttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#DerivativeLiabilitiesNoncurrentP5YP5DP5DP90DP90DP3Y2024-01-01http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#OtherAssetsNoncurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#AccruedLiabilitiesCurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#OtherLiabilitiesNoncurrenthttp://fasb.org/us-gaap/2023#OtherLiabilities0.20.00660001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-12-012022-12-010001682149wisa:MaximGroupLlcMember2022-11-212022-11-210001682149wisa:MaximGroupLlcMember2022-08-152022-08-150001682149wisa:LippertHeishornAssociatesIncMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:SeriesAPreferredStockMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:ConvertiblePreferredStockMemberus-gaap:PreferredStockMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:RestrictedStockMemberwisa:September2021InducementGrantMember2021-09-132021-09-130001682149wisa:PrefundedCommonStockWarrantsMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149wisa:NewCommonStockWarrantsMemberwisa:SeriesBConvertibleRedeemablePreferredStockMemberwisa:InducementAgreementMember2023-12-062023-12-060001682149wisa:SeriesBPreferredStockWarrantsMemberwisa:SeriesBConvertibleRedeemablePreferredStockMemberwisa:OctoberPublicOfferingMember2023-01-012023-12-3100016821492023-07-012023-09-300001682149wisa:LongTermStockIncentivePlanMember2018-01-300001682149us-gaap:StateAndLocalJurisdictionMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:DomesticCountryMember2023-01-012023-12-3100016821492022-11-292022-11-290001682149wisa:RegisteredDirectOfferingFebruary2023Member2023-01-310001682149us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-07-260001682149wisa:SeriesWarrantsMemberus-gaap:InvestorMember2022-12-010001682149wisa:SeriesBWarrantsMemberus-gaap:InvestorMember2022-12-010001682149wisa:PrefundedWarrantsMemberwisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-12-010001682149wisa:PrefundedWarrantsMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMemberwisa:February2024UnitOfferingMember2024-02-132024-03-140001682149wisa:PrefundedWarrantsMemberwisa:PreFundedUnitsMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMemberwisa:February2024UnitOfferingMember2024-02-132024-02-130001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:UnitsMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMemberwisa:February2024UnitOfferingMember2024-02-132024-02-130001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:PreFundedUnitsMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMemberwisa:February2024UnitOfferingMember2024-02-132024-02-130001682149wisa:SeriesWarrantsMemberwisa:UnitsMemberwisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-12-012022-12-010001682149wisa:SeriesBWarrantsMemberwisa:UnitsMemberwisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-12-012022-12-010001682149wisa:PrefundedWarrantsMemberwisa:PreFundedUnitsMemberwisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-12-012022-12-010001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:UnitsMemberwisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-12-012022-12-010001682149wisa:SeriesBConvertibleRedeemablePreferredStockMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-03-2700016821492022-12-012022-12-010001682149us-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:AccountsReceivableMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149us-gaap:AccountsReceivableMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149wisa:MeriwetherAcceleratorsLlcMemberus-gaap:WarrantMember2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:HelgeKristensenMember2023-12-310001682149wisa:MeriwetherAcceleratorsLlcMemberus-gaap:WarrantMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:HelgeKristensenMember2022-12-310001682149wisa:SeriesBPreferredStockWarrantsMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-03-152024-03-150001682149wisa:BridgeWarrants2024Memberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-03-152024-03-1500016821492020-08-012020-08-310001682149us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMemberus-gaap:InvestorMember2022-08-240001682149us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember2022-08-152022-08-150001682149wisa:MajorCustomerNumberTwoMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149wisa:MajorCustomerNumberTwoMemberus-gaap:AccountsReceivableMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149wisa:MajorCustomerNumberThreeMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149wisa:MajorCustomerNumberOneMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149wisa:MajorCustomerNumberOneMemberus-gaap:AccountsReceivableMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149wisa:MajorCustomerNumberFourMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149wisa:MajorCustomerNumberTwoMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149wisa:MajorCustomerNumberTwoMemberus-gaap:AccountsReceivableMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149wisa:MajorCustomerNumberThreeMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149wisa:MajorCustomerNumberOneMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149wisa:MajorCustomerNumberOneMemberus-gaap:AccountsReceivableMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149wisa:MajorCustomerNumberFourMemberus-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-03-1500016821492023-10-052023-10-050001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:InducementWarrantsMember2023-05-152023-05-150001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:RegisteredDirectOfferingFebruary2023Member2023-02-012023-02-280001682149srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-03-150001682149srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-03-150001682149srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-03-250001682149srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-03-250001682149wisa:SeriesBPreferredStockWarrantsMemberus-gaap:PreferredStockMember2023-01-012023-12-3100016821492022-09-010001682149srt:MinimumMemberwisa:SeriesBPreferredStockWarrantsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:MeasurementInputRiskFreeInterestRateMember2023-12-310001682149srt:MinimumMemberwisa:SeriesBPreferredStockWarrantsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedTermMember2023-12-310001682149srt:MinimumMemberwisa:SeriesBPreferredStockWarrantsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:MeasurementInputExercisePriceMember2023-12-310001682149srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:WarrantMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:MeasurementInputRiskFreeInterestRateMember2023-12-310001682149srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:WarrantMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:MeasurementInputPriceVolatilityMember2023-12-310001682149srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:WarrantMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedTermMember2023-12-310001682149srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:WarrantMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:MeasurementInputExercisePriceMember2023-12-310001682149srt:MaximumMemberwisa:SeriesBPreferredStockWarrantsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:MeasurementInputRiskFreeInterestRateMember2023-12-310001682149srt:MaximumMemberwisa:SeriesBPreferredStockWarrantsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedTermMember2023-12-310001682149srt:MaximumMemberwisa:SeriesBPreferredStockWarrantsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:MeasurementInputExercisePriceMember2023-12-310001682149srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:WarrantMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:MeasurementInputRiskFreeInterestRateMember2023-12-310001682149srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:WarrantMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:MeasurementInputPriceVolatilityMember2023-12-310001682149srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:WarrantMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedTermMember2023-12-310001682149srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:WarrantMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:MeasurementInputExercisePriceMember2023-12-310001682149wisa:SeriesBPreferredStockWarrantsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:MeasurementInputSharePriceMember2023-12-310001682149wisa:SeriesBPreferredStockWarrantsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:MeasurementInputPriceVolatilityMember2023-12-310001682149wisa:SeriesBPreferredStockWarrantsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedDividendRateMember2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:MeasurementInputSharePriceMember2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedDividendRateMember2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:MeasurementInputRiskFreeInterestRateMemberwisa:RegisteredDirectOfferingApril2023Member2023-04-070001682149us-gaap:MeasurementInputPriceVolatilityMemberwisa:RegisteredDirectOfferingApril2023Member2023-04-070001682149us-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedTermMemberwisa:RegisteredDirectOfferingApril2023Member2023-04-070001682149us-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedDividendRateMemberwisa:RegisteredDirectOfferingApril2023Member2023-04-070001682149us-gaap:MeasurementInputRiskFreeInterestRateMemberwisa:RegisteredDirectOfferingMarch2023Member2023-03-270001682149us-gaap:MeasurementInputPriceVolatilityMemberwisa:RegisteredDirectOfferingMarch2023Member2023-03-270001682149us-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedTermMemberwisa:RegisteredDirectOfferingMarch2023Member2023-03-270001682149us-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedDividendRateMemberwisa:RegisteredDirectOfferingMarch2023Member2023-03-270001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputRiskFreeInterestRateMemberwisa:RegisteredDirectOfferingFebruary2023Member2023-02-280001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputPriceVolatilityMemberwisa:RegisteredDirectOfferingFebruary2023Member2023-02-280001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedTermMemberwisa:RegisteredDirectOfferingFebruary2023Member2023-02-280001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedDividendRateMemberwisa:RegisteredDirectOfferingFebruary2023Member2023-02-280001682149wisa:SeriesWarrantsMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputRiskFreeInterestRateMemberwisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-12-310001682149wisa:SeriesWarrantsMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputPriceVolatilityMemberwisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-12-310001682149wisa:SeriesWarrantsMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedTermMemberwisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-12-310001682149wisa:SeriesWarrantsMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedDividendRateMemberwisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-12-310001682149wisa:SeriesBWarrantsMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputPriceVolatilityMemberwisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-12-310001682149wisa:SeriesBWarrantsMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedDividendRateMemberwisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-12-310001682149wisa:ConvertibleNoteWarrantsRecordedAsDebtDiscountWithOffsetRecordedToWarrantLiabilityMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputRiskFreeInterestRateMemberwisa:MaximGroupLlcMember2022-12-310001682149wisa:ConvertibleNoteWarrantsRecordedAsDebtDiscountWithOffsetRecordedToWarrantLiabilityMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputPriceVolatilityMemberwisa:MaximGroupLlcMember2022-12-310001682149wisa:ConvertibleNoteWarrantsRecordedAsDebtDiscountWithOffsetRecordedToWarrantLiabilityMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedTermMemberwisa:MaximGroupLlcMember2022-12-310001682149wisa:ConvertibleNoteWarrantsRecordedAsDebtDiscountWithOffsetRecordedToWarrantLiabilityMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedDividendRateMemberwisa:MaximGroupLlcMember2022-12-310001682149wisa:SeriesBWarrantsMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputRiskFreeInterestRateMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputRiskFreeInterestRateMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputPriceVolatilityMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedTermMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberus-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedDividendRateMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:MeasurementInputExpectedTermMemberwisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-12-310001682149wisa:PreferredStockWarrantLiabilityMemberwisa:SeriesBConvertibleRedeemablePreferredStockMember2023-12-310001682149wisa:CommonStockWarrantLiabilityMemberwisa:SeriesBConvertibleRedeemablePreferredStockMember2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2023-12-310001682149wisa:PreferredStockWarrantLiabilityMemberwisa:SeriesBConvertibleRedeemablePreferredStockMemberwisa:OctoberPublicOfferingMember2023-10-160001682149wisa:ConvertibleNoteWarrantMember2022-12-310001682149wisa:SeriesBPreferredStockWarrantsMemberwisa:SeriesBConvertibleRedeemablePreferredStockMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-02-132024-02-130001682149wisa:SeriesBPreferredStockWarrantsMemberus-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMemberus-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149wisa:SeriesBPreferredStockWarrantsMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149wisa:UnitsMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMemberwisa:February2024UnitOfferingMember2024-02-132024-02-130001682149wisa:PreFundedUnitsMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMemberwisa:February2024UnitOfferingMember2024-02-132024-02-130001682149wisa:RegisteredDirectOfferingApril2023Member2023-04-072023-04-070001682149wisa:RegisteredDirectOfferingFebruary2023Member2023-01-312023-01-310001682149us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149wisa:UnitsMemberwisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-12-012022-12-010001682149wisa:PreFundedUnitsMemberwisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-12-012022-12-010001682149us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149wisa:SeriesBConvertibleRedeemablePreferredStockMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-01-012024-03-270001682149wisa:SeriesBPreferredStockWarrantsMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-03-152024-03-150001682149srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-03-152024-03-1500016821492023-01-242023-01-240001682149us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:ConvertiblePreferredStockMemberus-gaap:PreferredStockMember2022-12-310001682149srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMemberus-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-12-310001682149srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:ConvertiblePreferredStockMemberus-gaap:PreferredStockMember2021-12-310001682149us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-12-310001682149us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-12-310001682149us-gaap:InvestorMember2022-11-282022-11-280001682149us-gaap:ConvertiblePreferredStockMemberus-gaap:PreferredStockMember2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-12-310001682149us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-03-260001682149wisa:UnitsMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMemberwisa:February2024UnitOfferingMember2024-02-130001682149wisa:PreFundedUnitsMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMemberwisa:February2024UnitOfferingMember2024-02-130001682149wisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-12-010001682149wisa:PrefundedCommonStockWarrantsMember2023-12-310001682149wisa:PrefundedCommonStockWarrantsMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeTwoMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeThreeMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeSixMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeOneMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeFourMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeFiveMemberMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeTwoMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeThreeMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeSixMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeOneMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeFourMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeFiveMemberMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeThreeMember2023-12-310001682149srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeFourMember2023-12-310001682149srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeFiveMemberMember2023-12-310001682149srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeFiveMemberMember2023-12-310001682149srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeTwoMember2022-12-310001682149srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeThreeMember2022-12-310001682149srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeOneMember2022-12-310001682149srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeFourMember2022-12-310001682149srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeFiveMemberMember2022-12-310001682149srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeThreeMember2022-12-310001682149srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeFourMember2022-12-310001682149srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeFiveMemberMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeTwoMember2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeThreeMember2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeSixMember2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeOneMember2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeFourMember2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeFiveMemberMember2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeTwoMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeThreeMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeSixMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeOneMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeFourMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:ExercisePriceRangeFiveMemberMember2022-12-310001682149wisa:LongTermStockIncentivePlanMember2023-12-310001682149wisa:DesignLlcMember2022-12-012022-12-310001682149wisa:LippertHeishornAssociatesIncMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149wisa:LippertHeishornAssociatesIncMember2022-12-012022-12-310001682149wisa:DesignLlcMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149wisa:LippertHeishornAssociatesIncMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberwisa:TwentyTwentyStockIncentivePlanMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149us-gaap:RestrictedStockMemberwisa:TwentyTwentyStockIncentivePlanMember2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberwisa:TechnicalTeamRetentionPlan2022Member2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:RestrictedStockMemberwisa:TwentyTwentyStockIncentivePlanMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:RestrictedStockMemberwisa:TwentyTwentyStockIncentivePlanMember2021-12-310001682149us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2021-12-310001682149us-gaap:RestrictedStockMemberwisa:September2021InducementGrantMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:RestrictedStockMemberwisa:LongTermStockIncentivePlanMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberwisa:TechnicalTeamRetentionPlan2022Member2022-01-012022-12-310001682149us-gaap:RestrictedStockMemberwisa:LongTermStockIncentivePlanMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149us-gaap:RestrictedStockMemberwisa:TwentyTwentyStockIncentivePlanMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:RestrictedStockMemberwisa:TwentyTwentyStockIncentivePlanMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberwisa:TwentyTwentyStockIncentivePlanMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149wisa:September2021InducementGrantMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149wisa:TwoThousandTwentyTwoStockIncentivePlanMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149wisa:RegisteredDirectOfferingMarch2023Member2023-03-272023-03-270001682149wisa:InducementLettersMember2023-07-262023-07-260001682149wisa:RegisteredDirectOfferingApril2023Member2023-04-122023-04-120001682149wisa:RegisteredDirectOfferingMarch2023Member2023-03-292023-03-290001682149wisa:RegisteredDirectOfferingFebruary2023Member2023-02-032023-02-030001682149wisa:HansongTechnologyMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149wisa:ConsumerAudioProductsMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149wisa:ComponentsMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:NonUsMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149srt:NorthAmericaMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149srt:EuropeMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149srt:AsiaPacificMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149wisa:HansongTechnologyMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149wisa:ConsumerAudioProductsMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149wisa:ComponentsMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149srt:NorthAmericaMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149srt:EuropeMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149srt:AsiaPacificMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149wisa:SalesToRelatedPartyMemberwisa:HansongTechnologyMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149wisa:SalesToRelatedPartyMemberwisa:HansongTechnologyMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149srt:MinimumMember2023-12-310001682149srt:MaximumMember2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:ToolsDiesAndMoldsMember2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMember2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:ToolsDiesAndMoldsMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember2022-12-310001682149wisa:MeriwetherAcceleratorsLlcMember2022-01-152022-01-150001682149wisa:PrefundedWarrantsMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149wisa:LippertHeishornAssociatesIncMember2022-12-012022-12-310001682149wisa:SeriesWarrantsMemberwisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149wisa:SeriesBWarrantsMemberwisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:MaximGroupLlcMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149wisa:DesignLlcMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-03-262024-03-260001682149wisa:BridgeWarrants2024Memberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-01-222024-01-220001682149wisa:SeriesBPreferredStockWarrantsMemberwisa:SeriesBConvertibleRedeemablePreferredStockMemberwisa:InducementAgreementMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149wisa:SeriesBConvertibleRedeemablePreferredStockMemberwisa:InducementAgreementMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149wisa:PrefundedWarrantsMemberwisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-12-012022-12-010001682149wisa:MaximGroupLlcMemberus-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember2022-08-152022-08-150001682149wisa:SeriesBConvertibleRedeemablePreferredStockMemberwisa:OctoberPublicOfferingMember2023-10-162023-10-160001682149us-gaap:SubsequentEventMemberwisa:February2024UnitOfferingMember2024-02-132024-02-130001682149wisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-12-012022-12-010001682149wisa:SeriesBConvertibleRedeemablePreferredStockMemberwisa:OctoberPublicOfferingMember2023-12-310001682149wisa:SeriesBPreferredStockWarrantsMemberwisa:SeriesBConvertibleRedeemablePreferredStockMemberwisa:OctoberPublicOfferingMember2023-10-162023-10-160001682149wisa:SeriesBUnitsMemberwisa:OctoberPublicOfferingMember2023-10-162023-10-160001682149wisa:SeriesBConvertibleRedeemablePreferredStockMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-02-132024-02-130001682149wisa:SalesToRelatedPartyMemberwisa:HansongTechnologyMember2023-12-310001682149wisa:HansongTechnologyMember2023-12-310001682149wisa:SalesToRelatedPartyMemberwisa:HansongTechnologyMember2022-12-310001682149wisa:HansongTechnologyMember2022-12-310001682149wisa:MeriwetherAcceleratorsLlcMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149wisa:TwentyTwentyStockIncentivePlanMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149wisa:MeriwetherGroupCapitalHeroFundLpMemberus-gaap:ShortTermDebtMember2023-10-102023-10-100001682149wisa:MeriwetherGroupCapitalHeroFundLpMemberwisa:MeriwetherGroupCapitalHeroFundLpMemberwisa:HowittMember2023-01-012023-12-3100016821492023-09-082023-09-080001682149us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember2023-04-112023-04-110001682149us-gaap:WarrantMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:DerivativeFinancialInstrumentsLiabilitiesMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMember2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:DerivativeFinancialInstrumentsLiabilitiesMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMember2021-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149us-gaap:DerivativeFinancialInstrumentsLiabilitiesMember2022-01-012022-12-310001682149wisa:SeriesBConvertibleRedeemablePreferredStockMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberwisa:TwentyTwentyStockIncentivePlanMember2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberwisa:TechnicalTeamRetentionPlan2022Member2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberwisa:TechnicalTeamRetentionPlan2022Member2023-01-012023-12-310001682149srt:MinimumMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember2023-12-310001682149wisa:MeriwetherGroupCapitalHeroFundLpMemberus-gaap:ShortTermDebtMember2023-09-082023-09-080001682149wisa:BridgePromissoryNotes2024Memberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-01-220001682149wisa:MeriwetherGroupCapitalHeroFundLpMemberus-gaap:ShortTermDebtMember2023-09-080001682149us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember2022-08-150001682149wisa:MaximGroupLlcMemberus-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember2023-02-012023-02-010001682149wisa:SeriesBConvertibleRedeemablePreferredStockMember2023-12-310001682149wisa:SeriesBConvertibleRedeemablePreferredStockMemberwisa:OctoberPublicOfferingMember2023-10-160001682149wisa:MeriwetherAcceleratorsLlcMember2022-01-1500016821492022-01-150001682149us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-03-250001682149wisa:UnitsMemberwisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-12-010001682149wisa:NewCommonStockWarrantsMemberwisa:SeriesBConvertibleRedeemablePreferredStockMemberwisa:InducementAgreementMember2023-12-310001682149wisa:SeriesBPreferredStockWarrantsMemberwisa:SeriesBConvertibleRedeemablePreferredStockMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-02-130001682149wisa:SeriesBPreferredStockWarrantsMemberwisa:BridgePromissoryNotes2024Memberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-01-220001682149wisa:PrefundedWarrantsMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2023-12-310001682149wisa:PrefundedWarrantsMember2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMember2023-12-310001682149wisa:CommonStockWarrantsMember2023-10-160001682149wisa:InducementLettersMember2023-07-260001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:InducementWarrantsMember2023-05-150001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:InducementLettersMember2023-05-150001682149us-gaap:WarrantMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-12-310001682149wisa:MaximGroupLlcMember2020-03-300001682149wisa:PrefundedWarrantsMemberwisa:PreFundedUnitsMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMemberwisa:February2024UnitOfferingMember2024-02-130001682149wisa:SeriesBPreferredStockWarrantsMemberwisa:OctoberPublicOfferingMember2023-10-160001682149wisa:OctoberPublicOfferingMember2023-10-160001682149wisa:PrefundedWarrantsMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-03-260001682149wisa:CommonStockPurchaseWarrantsMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-03-260001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:UnitsMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMemberwisa:February2024UnitOfferingMember2024-02-130001682149wisa:BridgeWarrants2024Memberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2024-01-220001682149wisa:SeriesBPreferredStockWarrantsMemberwisa:SeriesBConvertibleRedeemablePreferredStockMemberwisa:InducementAgreementMember2023-12-310001682149wisa:SeriesBPreferredStockWarrantsMemberwisa:SeriesBConvertibleRedeemablePreferredStockMemberwisa:InducementAgreementMember2023-12-060001682149wisa:NewCommonStockWarrantsMemberwisa:SeriesBConvertibleRedeemablePreferredStockMemberwisa:InducementAgreementMember2023-12-060001682149wisa:SeriesBPreferredStockWarrantsMemberwisa:SeriesBConvertibleRedeemablePreferredStockMemberwisa:OctoberPublicOfferingMember2023-10-160001682149srt:MinimumMemberwisa:CommonStockWarrantsMember2023-10-160001682149srt:MaximumMemberwisa:CommonStockWarrantsMember2023-10-160001682149wisa:JulyInducementWarrantsMember2023-07-260001682149wisa:April2020MaximWarrantMember2023-05-150001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:InducementLettersMember2023-04-120001682149wisa:CommonStockPurchaseWarrantsInPrivatePlacementMemberwisa:RegisteredDirectOfferingApril2023Member2023-04-070001682149wisa:RegisteredDirectOfferingApril2023Member2023-04-070001682149wisa:CommonStockPurchaseWarrantsInPrivatePlacementMemberwisa:RegisteredDirectOfferingMarch2023Member2023-03-270001682149wisa:RegisteredDirectOfferingMarch2023Member2023-03-270001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:RegisteredDirectOfferingFebruary2023Member2023-02-280001682149wisa:PrefundedWarrantsMemberwisa:RegisteredDirectOfferingFebruary2023Member2023-01-310001682149wisa:CommonStockPurchaseWarrantsInPrivatePlacementMemberwisa:RegisteredDirectOfferingFebruary2023Member2023-01-310001682149wisa:SeriesWarrantsMemberwisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-12-310001682149wisa:SeriesBWarrantsMemberwisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-12-310001682149wisa:ConvertibleNoteWarrantMemberwisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:MaximGroupLlcMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-12-310001682149wisa:LippertHeishornAssociatesIncMember2022-12-310001682149wisa:DesignLlcMember2022-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:UnitsMemberwisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-12-010001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:PreFundedUnitsMemberwisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-12-010001682149us-gaap:WarrantMemberwisa:December2022OfferingMember2022-12-010001682149us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMemberus-gaap:InvestorMember2022-08-150001682149wisa:MaximGroupLlcMember2022-08-1500016821492021-12-310001682149us-gaap:WarrantMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:SeriesBPreferredStockMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:ConvertiblePreferredStockMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2023-01-012023-12-310001682149us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-01-012022-12-3100016821492022-01-012022-12-310001682149us-gaap:AssetsHeldUnderCapitalLeasesMember2023-12-310001682149us-gaap:AssetsHeldUnderCapitalLeasesMember2022-12-3100016821492023-12-3100016821492022-12-3100016821492023-10-012023-12-3100016821492023-06-3000016821492024-03-2700016821492023-01-012023-12-31xbrli:sharesiso4217:USDiso4217:USDxbrli:sharesxbrli:purewisa:segmentwisa:Ywisa:itemwisa:Dwisa:customer

Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, DC 20549

FORM 10-K

(Mark One)

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ___________ to ___________

Commission file number: 001-38608

WISA Technologies, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

 

30-1135279

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

15268 NW Greenbrier Pkwy

Beaverton, OR 97006

Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (408) 627-4716

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

     

Trading Symbol(s)

     

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share

WISA

 

The Nasdaq Capital Market

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None

(Title of class)

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes  No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes   No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes   No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes    No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

 

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements.

Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant’s executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to §240.10D-1(b).

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes   No

As of June 30, 2023, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, the aggregate market value of the common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was $6,719,000 based on the closing price of $1.27 for the registrant’s common stock as quoted on the Nasdaq Capital Market on that date. Shares of common stock held by each director, each officer and each person who owns 10% or more of the outstanding common stock have been excluded from this calculation in that such persons may be deemed to be affiliates. The determination of affiliate status is not necessarily conclusive.

The registrant had 250,940,750 shares of its common stock outstanding as of March 27, 2024.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

None.

Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

Page

PART I

 

 

 

Item 1.

Business

2

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

12

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

12

Item 1C.

Cybersecurity

12

Item 2.

Properties

13

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

13

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

13

 

 

 

PART II

 

 

 

Item 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

13

Item 6.

[Reserved]

16

Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

16

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

20

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

20

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

20

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

20

Item 9B.

Other Information

21

Item 9C.

Disclosure Regarding Foreign Jurisdictions that Prevent Inspections

21

PART III

 

 

 

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

22

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

30

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

36

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

39

Item 14.

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

41

 

 

 

PART IV

 

 

 

Item 15.

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

43

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

50

 

 

 

INDEX TO EXHIBITS

51

Table of Contents

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Annual Report on Form 10-K (this “Report”) contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Forward-looking statements discuss matters that are not historical facts. Because they discuss future events or conditions, forward-looking statements may include words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “intend,” “could,” “should,” “would,” “may,” “seek,” “plan,” “might,” “will,” “expect,” “predict,” “project,” “forecast,” “potential,” “continue,” negatives thereof or similar expressions. These forward-looking statements are found at various places throughout this Report and include information concerning possible or assumed future results of WiSA Technologies, Inc.’s (“WiSA”, the “Company”, “our”, “us” or “we”) operations; business strategies; future cash flows; financing plans; plans and objectives of management; any other statements regarding future operations, future cash needs, business plans and future financial results, and any other statements that are not historical facts.

From time to time, forward-looking statements also are included in our other periodic reports on Forms 10-Q and 8-K, in our press releases, in our presentations, on our website and in other materials released to the public. Any or all of the forward-looking statements included in this Report and in any other reports or public statements made by us are not guarantees of future performance and may turn out to be inaccurate. These forward-looking statements represent our intentions, plans, expectations, assumptions and beliefs about future events and are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors, including risks related to WiSA’s ability to remain listed on the Nasdaq Capital Market; WiSA’s need for financing in the near term to support its ongoing operations; the volatility of the market price for WiSA’s common stock; market, economic and other conditions; WiSA’s ability to continue as a going concern; WiSA’s ability to manage costs and execute on its operational and budget plans; and, WiSA’s ability to achieve its financial goals. Many of those factors are outside of our control and could cause actual results to differ materially from the results expressed or implied by those forward-looking statements. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the events described in the forward-looking statements might not occur or might occur to a different extent or at a different time than we have described. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this Report. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements concerning other matters addressed in this Report and attributable to us or any person acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained or referred to in this Report.

Except to the extent required by law, we undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, a change in events, conditions, circumstances or assumptions underlying such statements, or otherwise.

1

Table of Contents

PART I

Item 1.

Business

Overview

We believe that the future of audio technology is in wireless devices and that WiSA is well positioned to deliver best-in-class immersive wireless sound technology for intelligent devices and next generation home entertainment systems. Historically we have sold modules which wirelessly transmit and receive audio directly to speakers. In late 2023, we launched a new wireless technology, WiSA E, that is software-based and works with standard Wi-Fi chips. Additionally, we plan to license our proprietary software technology, currently embedded in our wireless modules, to other companies who can then embed our technology into other Wi-Fi enabled smart devices. The segment of the wireless audio market that WiSA focuses on is comprised of scalable multichannel solutions with levels of latency that are low enough to synchronize with video. The term multichannel refers to the use of multiple audio tracks to reconstruct a sound field using multiple speakers.

As part of the effort to grow the wireless multichannel home audio segment, WiSA Technologies, Inc. was a founding member of the WiSA Association, an association dedicated to providing industry leadership and consumer choice through interoperability testing between brands. Products certified and marked with a WiSA Association logo have been tested to inter operate. This preserves consumer choice by enabling consumers to choose different wireless transmitting products across different brands where audio is decoded with speakers that have the WiSA Association logo displayed. Our marketing strategy focuses on, what we believe, are two emerging wireless audio market needs: immersive, multi-channel audio and robust wireless performance. WiSA sold custom semiconductor chips and wireless modules to premium audio brands in the consumer electronics industry. We believe that a growing adoption of our technology by leaders in this industry will revolutionize the way people experience media content through their mobile and handheld devices, televisions (“TVs”),soundbars (“SBs”), set-top-boxes/streaming devises and personal computers (“PCs”).

Our Business Focus

Our primary business focus is to enable mainstream consumers and audio enthusiasts to experience high quality wireless immersive audio. We intend to continue selling our proprietary wireless modules to consumer electronics companies while also expanding our focus to implement a lower-cost solution by porting our software onto commercially available internet of things (“IoT”) modules with integrated Wi-Fi technology.

Industry Background

The primary growth segments for in-home entertainment have been “Bluetooth” stereo accessories which include single speakers, headsets, and more recently, “multi-room” stereo speakers that use your home’s Wi-Fi network to stream audio throughout house. Another market that continues to grow is the sound bar market. Sound bars are typically sold with wireless subwoofers and may also be sold with wireless rear speakers.

Our Technology

Our fundamental technology addresses some of the main issues that we perceive hinder the growth of immersive audio in the home: complexity of setup, cost, interoperability between smart devices and the speakers, and robust wireless performance. We believe that consumers want to experience theater-quality immersive sound from the comfort of their homes. However, traditional immersive audio systems, commonly referred to as home theater surround sound systems, are wired and often require expensive audio-visual (“AV”) receivers to decode the audio stream, leaving the consumer with the burden of concealing the wires. Hiring a professional to hide the wires into the walls or floor is invasive, complicated, costly, and time consuming. Our first-generation wireless technology addresses these problems by transmitting wireless audio to each speaker at Blu-ray quality (uncompressed 24 bit audio up to 96 kHz sample rates) and emphasizing ease of setup. Our next generation technology, WiSA E, is software IP designed for (i) easy implementation for the manufacturing brand to design with, (ii) broad flexibility to accommodate various price points and business models, and (iii) maintaining high quality wireless performance for the consumer.

2

Table of Contents

Having successfully developed wireless audio solutions for the high-end of the immersive audio market, WiSA is continuing its development of proprietary software (WiSA E) targeted at bringing its best-of-class immersive audio technology to entry/mid-level audio systems. Noting the growth of the sound bar market, WiSA plans a low-cost, entry-level wireless audio solution designed to meet the needs of the consumer looking for a sound bar-based, value-driven immersive audio system. To address this market segment, WiSA is currently developing certain proprietary software for which patent applications have been submitted that will enable sound bars as well as smart devices that have Wi-Fi and video media to deliver immersive audio. First development kits for WiSA E began to ship during late Q3 2023 (pursuant to confidentiality agreements). Our goal is to commercialize a software based -solution, which other brands can integrate into their devices, that will (i) reduce integration costs for mass market use, (ii) utilize Wi-Fi for wireless connectivity, making it easy to integrate into today’s high volume, low cost systems on a chip (“SOC”) and modules, (iii) provide a low power consumption option to allow for use in battery-powered devices, and (iv) provide compatibility with popular consumer electronic operating systems.

WiSA Association

Our wholly-owned subsidiary, WiSA, LLC, operates the WiSA Association, which is an association of brands, manufacturers, and influencers within the consumer electronics industry, with the purpose of promoting a standardized method of interoperability between wireless audio components using WiSA’s technology. The WiSA Association creates, maintains and manages specifications for wireless interoperability that are available to all WiSA Association members. For products with a WiSA Association certification, the WiSA Association also creates, maintains, and manages testing criteria and specifications for all products to be listed, marketed and sold. WiSA-certification is an industry-wide “stamp of approval” certifying that a product is interoperable with other products in the WiSA ecosystem and has passed several high-performance tests ensuring interoperability and wireless performance standards are met. As the sole owner of WiSA, LLC, we certify all WiSA Association products.

WiSA, LLC is also the IP licensing organization for WiSA E interoperable transmission from smart devices to audio devices. In Q4, 2023, WiSA, LLC announced a licensing program for display devices (TVs and projectors). In the first 90 days three manufacturers have signed licenses.

Currently, WiSA-certified products are required to use WiSA modules in order to meet the standards set by the WiSA Association. As a result, WiSA Association members purchase modules from us in order to build their products to meet such standards.

Among WiSA-certified products, consumers will be able to outfit their home entertainment system with WiSA-certified speakers and components from any participating vendor with the assurance that the devices will interoperate and provide high quality wireless HD surround sound.

The WiSA Association manages logo usage and trademark guidelines, investigates alternative markets, connects brands to manufacturing resources, and, we believe, provides industry leadership in solving the challenges facing the home theater and commercial markets in the integration of wireless audio technology.

Modules

WiSA has designed wireless modules that provide high performance wireless audio for our customers to integrate into their products, such as a speakers, TVs, soundbars, set-top-boxes, and HDMI dongles. These modules can be designed using our custom semiconductors with our IP built in, as well as a Wi-Fi radio for communications or with our WiSA E software loaded onto a third party IoT Wi-Fi chip. By designing and selling these modules, we believe that we can reduce our customers’ design expense, accelerate their time-to-market cycle, and reduce the cost of each module. The consumer’s smart devises must have interoperable WiSA modules compatible with the WiSA transmit technology. Speakers, with the matching “RX” model, receive the wireless audio signal and processes it for audio play out.

3

Table of Contents

The WiSA Opportunity

We believe that the following attributes: cost, mobility, video support, ease of installation and quality create a market opportunity for WiSA’s technologies to be adopted by the consumer electronics industry as described further below.

Cost

We believe that the simplicity and cost structure of both our original technology and our embedded software solution will make our prices competitive for a wider range of applications in their respective markets, allowing consumer electronics companies to integrate our technology, while also delivering high quality audio.

Video Support

Wireless audio capable of supporting video has become a priority for consumers across a variety of high-volume multimedia platforms, including TV’s, smartphones, game consoles and set-top boxes. Video applications require audio and video to be perfectly synchronized in order to avoid lip-sync and speaker audio phase distortion issues. WiSA’s technology prioritizes wireless robustness, latency and speaker synchronization to create an entertaining experience.

Ease of Installation

We believe that the home entertainment market has moved toward simplicity in recent years. The costly and inconvenient home theaters of the past have left consumers with a desire for audio systems that provide a simplified installation process. We believe that as the TVs adopt broad use of Dolby Atmos and Dolby Atmos Music, which delivers the immersive audio decoding, new audio systems, including the predominant sound bar system, will need to provide a higher level of performance, especially in the surround-sound market. WiSA’s technology greatly simplifies the installation process of true surround-sound systems. This allows consumers to install an immersive audio system with the same amount of effort as a sound bar, but enjoy a far superior experience. We believe that an overwhelming majority of the content entering consumers’ homes through digital TV and streaming services is provided in a multi-channel format, which is why WiSA’s goal is to facilitate enjoyment of true surround sound for both the everyday consumer and audio enthusiast.

In addition to easy installation, WiSA’s technology provides consumers with a multitude of options, allowing customization of the immersive audio experience individualized to each consumer, without being forced to stick with one brand of speaker. For example, our hope is that a consumer might start with a WiSA enabled sound bar for their TV and then add a WiSA enabled subwoofer. That same system can be easily upgraded to a variety of surround sound systems by simply adding more speakers. Our technology will allow consumers to upgrade an audio system or just one component of the system without the need to replace the entire system. Consumers can keep the original transmitter, sound bar, and subwoofer and integrate them seamlessly into a new system. Being able to outfit a home entertainment system with WiSA-enabled speakers and components gives consumers the ability to express their individual preference and needs and provides the assurance that the devices will interoperate, delivering what we believe is the highest standard in HD wireless surround sound.

4

Table of Contents

Dissatisfaction with Bluetooth Performance and Quality

We believe that consumers want better performance and quality from their Bluetooth audio devices. For example, they may want headsets that stay connected over longer distances or products that offer better audio fidelity. By offering a solution that addresses these needs at a comparable price point to Bluetooth, we believe that we can build consumer demand for our technology.

Enjoyment of improved audio on existing content

We believe that the growth in the number of video devices streaming multi-channel audio content, coupled with new 3D immersive sound experiences from Dolby’s Atmos and DTS’ DTS:X formats, will help propel the demand for wireless speakers well into the future.

Enjoyment of wireless audio without interference from other wireless signals

Having other devices nearby that also use the 5 GHz band should not affect the performance of a WiSA-enabled audio system, as WiSA’s technology can seamlessly switch to another frequency within the 5 GHz band. The 5 GHz U-NII spectrum utilized by WiSA technology has up to 24 channels available that are constantly monitored for interference using the Dynamic Frequency Selection sub-band between 5.2 and 5.8 GHz. When interference is detected, the next channel, having been monitored for over one minute and confirmed for accessibility, is ready to be accessed and WiSA-enabled devices switch seamlessly to that channel, without the user ever noticing or the audio experience being affected.

What Distinguishes WiSA from its Competitors

Both the proprietary technology and the adoption of the technology by leaders in consumer electronics are differentiating factors for WiSA. Our management believes that WiSA is one of the only companies with the technical capabilities of transmitting high resolution, low latency, and speaker synchronization of wireless audio capable of supporting up to eight channels. Premium consumer brands, like Bang & Olufsen, Harman International, a division of Samsung, and LG Electronics have begun to adopt our technology as a valued feature in performance products.

5

Table of Contents

Category Defining Wireless Audio

Our first generation wireless audio technology delivers industry leading eight channels of uncompressed audio directly to the speakers in 24 bit and up to 96 kHz sample rates. This means that a consumer can experience audio exactly as it was mastered in the studio. WiSA’s technology supports surround sound systems up to 7.1 or 5.1.2 for Dolby Atmos® configurations.

Alternative technologies such as, Bluetooth and Wi-Fi standards were not designed to transmit fixed low latency audio that is synchronized to video. However, Bluetooth and Wi-Fi standards can work well for audio-only wireless transmission, when video is not a part of the listening experience. In audio-only applications, latency is less critical and audio data can be buffered in memory to ensure proper speaker synchronization even when data retransmissions are needed in today’s congested wireless environments. In video applications, retransmissions add to latency. Standard Bluetooth and Wi-Fi standards have long variable latency that can exceed acceptable audio to video synchronization and make quality multichannel audio experience unachievable. A few custom silicon-based solutions exist today that improve on Bluetooth and Wi-Fi standards based performance, but compared to WiSA, such products have longer latencies, lower performing speaker synchronization, and are limited to 2-4 audio channels and often only support 16 bit CD quality audio.

WiSA’s technology roadmap includes proprietary software that will enable standard Wi-Fi protocol to support multi-channel audio for video applications, while permitting WiSA to leverage Wi-Fi’s lower chip and module cost structure. WiSA’s first generation technology was designed for the mid to high end home theater market and offers a unique feature set that is expected to be included in new product designs for years. WiSA’s new Wi-Fi strategy enables the Company to compete in the entry-level home theater market at Bluetooth price points, while delivering superior multi-channel performance for higher volume applications. The Company’s recently announced Discovery module is the first product that integrates WiSA’s new software which enables a transceiver module to keep up to four independent wireless audio channels synchronized in a room size up to 10 meters square. The Discovery modules is ideally suited for entry level home entertainment systems, including sound bars, TVs, subwoofers and Dolby Atmos® applications.

WiSA Customers

WiSA currently sells wireless modules containing custom semiconductor chips to a growing list of consumer electronics customers, including major brands such as Bang & Olufsen, KEF, LG, Harman International, a division of Samsung, Savant, Skyworth and System Audio. We believe that the use of our products by well-known consumer electronics brands will provide an opportunity to create wireless audio products that are simple to install and perform at high levels. Brands such as Bang & Olufsen and Harman have chosen WiSA technology to drive their wireless home audio/theater product assortments. We believe that their leadership has brought credibility to the technology and paved the way at retail for other brands to follow.

Our Strategy

Our goal is to establish and maintain a leadership position as the ubiquitous standard for hi-fidelity wireless, multichannel audio. To obtain and enhance our position as the leading standard in the audio space, we intend to:

improve recognition of our WiSA Certification brand and the WiSA standard brand;
provide excellent products and services to our customers and members;
make sure our technology is accessible to many consumers by having our technology in consumer electronics devices that sell at a variety of price points;
expand market awareness of wireless multi-channel hi-fidelity audio experience availability;
reduce hardware costs;
enhance and protect our IP portfolio;
invest in highly qualified personnel; and
build innovative products alongside the world’s leading consumer electronics companies.

6

Table of Contents

We currently sell our modules in relatively small quantities. As we introduce WiSA E technology to customers, with its lower price points and great flexibility for designs, we expect that orders for our modules will increase. With larger orders, we believe that we can take advantage of economies of scale and improve gross margins on our modules.

Interoperability

Interoperability is a key aspect of wireless technology. We believe that this is especially true with audio technology, where unique designs, price points, audio quality and capabilities as well as consumer brand loyalties are significant factors for the end consumer. Creating home theater and audio components that all work with an interoperable standard creates a high level of confidence in retailers and consumers in the functionality of the entire entertainment system. Interoperability also increases the opportunity for specialized brands to create new and innovative products knowing they can focus on their specific part of the market and rely on others to create the necessary cohort components.

Proprietary Software

A significant amount of our time and resources are being allocated towards launching a software licensing part of our business under the WiSA E brand. Customers will receive a license for our TX software, so that any of their devices with a suitable Wi-Fi radio can transmit audio compliant with our standard without having to purchase and integrate our TX module. We believe that this software will be well positioned for use by major consumer electronics companies in many devices including TVs, handsets, gaming consoles, and computers. Patent applications have been submitted for key technology innovations in this software.

Research and Development

As of February 9, 2024, our research and development department consisted of 30 dedicated employees. WiSA’s engineering team has a wide range of expertise, capable of developing all levels of product design, from Application Specific Integrated Circuits (“ASIC”) to modules to finished products. WiSA research and development has and will continue developing trade secrets for Digital Signal Processing (“DSP”), RF design and testing of WiSA technologies.

WiSA has developed multiple ASICs and certified modules for integration into multiple wireless audio designs by ODMs which are currently shipping to consumers. The ASIC hardware solution uses a high-performance proprietary network protocol for transmission of multi-channel audio.

WiSA is also currently shipping and developing modules that are Wi-Fi compatible. The Software (“SW”) solution enables multi-channel audio capabilities on off the shelf IoT modules running RTOS and future Linux/Android based multimedia systems. The software solution uses a Wi-Fi network for transmission of multi-channel audio. WiSA released to production a low cost 2.4GHz IoT module supporting (5) audio channels and in the process of porting our software to a 5GHz IoT module in 2024. We have engaged an Indian design center to focus on Android integration of the core SW for embedded TV applications.

Manufacturing, Logistics and Fulfillment

Our modules are designed and developed in Oregon at our facility, and our manufacturing is outsourced to contract manufacturers located in China. Our manufacturing facilities have been ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 certified. We purchase components and fabricated parts from multiple suppliers; however, we rely on sole source suppliers for certain components used to manufacture our modules. Several key strategic parts are purchased from suppliers by us and then consigned to our manufacturers, while the vast majority of parts are procured directly by our contract manufacturers. Our operations team manages the pricing and supply of the key components of our modules and seeks to achieve competitive pricing on the largest value-add components, while leveraging our contract manufacturers’ volume purchases for best pricing on common parts. We have strong relationships with our manufacturers, helping us meet our supply and support requirements. Our manufacturing partners procure components and assemble our devices in accordance with our purchase orders. Demand forecasts and manufacturing purchase orders are based upon customer orders, historical trends, and analysis from our sales and product management functions. We believe that our manufacturing capabilities are essential to maintaining and improving product quality and performance, and that using outsourced manufacturing enables greater scale and flexibility than establishing our own manufacturing facilities.

While some modules are delivered from our production facility in Oregon, we have a third-party warehouse and fulfillment center in Hong Kong that delivers the majority our modules.

7

Table of Contents

Sales Channels and Customers

WiSA sells modules and integrated circuits (“ICs”) directly to OEM brands worldwide which in turn, sell their system level products to end customers through a vast channel of retailers and dealer networks. Internationally known brands such as Bang & Olufsen, Harman International, a division of Samsung, LG, System Audio, KEF, and many others are among our current customers, with products aimed at the wireless home theater market. Most of these brands sell through retailers store fronts and online e-tail.

Marketing and Advertising

Effective and consistent marketing and advertising is critical as we grow our wireless audio solutions. We have worked with multiple PR agencies on establishing effective messaging to face all segments within our category including press, brands, reviewers, retailers and consumers. Our focuses are ease of set-up, high quality performance, expandability and the benefits of a true multi-channel surround sound audio solutions.

Competition

The semiconductor industry is intensely competitive and has been characterized by price erosion and rapid technological change. We compete with major domestic and international semiconductor companies, many of which have greater market recognition and greater financial, technical, marketing, distribution and other resources than we have with which to pursue engineering, manufacturing, marketing and distribution of their products. Competitive products include products that: (a) are resistant to interference, low latency, long-range, and able to stream uncompressed audio; (b) target applications in the PC accessory audio, iPod accessory audio, home theater, and consumer & enterprise voice markets; (c) enable smart TVs, computers and mobile devices to connect to their multiple peripherals wirelessly, and simultaneously from a single host, with the ability to mix-and-match peripherals; and (d) utilize Bluetooth technology as a means of transmission.

We believe that our technology competes favorably with our competitors for a variety of reasons, including, among others:

Our technology transmits audio packets with fixed latency in a manner well-suited for multi-channel audio networks and video applications.
Our technology contains WiFi compatible software which provides the following future key benefits:
oWiFi is not inherently proficient for transporting low latency audio. WiSA has spent the last 5 years developing a protocol that can leverage off the shelf high volume low cost 2.4GHz and 5GHz IoT chips and modules and scale to higher audio channel counts. As chip technology performance improves so will our performance.
oWiFi compatibility allows us to operate more efficiently in congested environments while delivering the performance the market demands.
oA software solution will allow WiSA Technologies to pivot into new markets quicker than those making custom proprietary chip solutions.

There are many other factors that impact our ability to be competitive and may impact our success against both larger and emerging competitors.

Intellectual Property

We have key IP assets, including patents and trade secrets developed based on our technical expertise. As of March 27, 2024, we had 13 issued and 10 pending U.S. patents covering our technology. Our currently issued patents expire at various times from September 25, 2027 through March 1, 2040.

IP is an important aspect of our business, and our practice is to seek protection for our IP as appropriate. A multi-channel audio for surround sound system has technical requirements not required by simple stereo only systems. Multi-channel systems require each audio channel to be precisely played in time to create a sound field that correlates to video being viewed by a consumer. WiSA has developed hardware and software core technologies that manage system network latency and speaker phase. WiSA’s patents are based on protecting our low latency network algorithms and multi receiver synchronization.

8

Table of Contents

We pursue a general practice of filing patent applications for our technologies in the U.S. and occasionally in foreign countries where our customers manufacture, distribute, or sell licensed products. We actively pursue new applications to expand our patent portfolio to address new technological innovations. We have multiple patents covering aspects and improvements for many of our technologies.

Our trademarks cover our various products, technologies, improvements, and features, as well as the services that we provide. These trademarks are an integral part of our technology licensing program, and licensees typically elect to place our trademarks on their products to inform consumers that their products incorporate our technology and meet our quality specifications.

We protect our IP rights both domestically and internationally. From time to time, we may experience problems with OEMs of consumer entertainment products in emerging economies. In the event it becomes necessary, we will take all necessary steps to enforce our IP rights.

Moreover, we have relatively no issued patents outside the U.S. Growing our licensing revenue in developing countries may depend in part on our ability to obtain and maintain patent rights in these countries, which is uncertain. Further, because of the limitations of the legal systems in many countries, the effectiveness of patents obtained or that may in the future be obtained, if any, is uncertain.

Employees

As of March 27, 2024, we had a total 46 employees working in the United States and internationally, 40 of which work full time. In the United States, we had 43 employees, including 30 employees that work in our research and development department, 8 employees in our sales and marketing department, 1 employee that works in our manufacturing/logistics/fulfillment department and 5 employees that work in our general and administrative department. Additionally, we have one logistics employee in China, one sales employee in Taiwan and one sales employee in Korea. None of our employees are currently covered by a collective bargaining agreement, and we have experienced no work stoppages. We consider our relationship with our employees to be good.

Recent Developments

2024 Bridge Note and Warrant

On January 22, 2024, the Company entered into securities purchase agreements (the “2024 Bridge Purchase Agreements”), with the holders of Series B Preferred Stock purchase warrants issued in October 2023 (the “Series B Preferred Warrants”), pursuant to which the Company agreed to issue to such holders promissory notes in the aggregate principal amount of $1,000,000 (the “2024 Bridge Promissory Notes”) and common stock purchase warrants (the “2024 Bridge Warrants”) to purchase up to an aggregate of 10,000,000 shares. The closing of the 2024 Bridge Private Placement occurred on January 23, 2024. Between January 26, 2024 and February 2, 2024, the 2024 Bridge Promissory Notes were paid back in full.

The 2024 Bridge Warrants contain 4.99/9.99% beneficial ownership limitations and are not exercisable until after the date that stockholder approval is obtained to approve each of (i) the issuance of the 2024 Bridge Warrant Shares issuable upon the exercise of the 2024 Bridge Warrants, as may be required by the applicable rules and regulations of The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC (“Nasdaq”) and (ii) if necessary, a proposal to amend the our certificate of incorporation (the “Certificate of Incorporation”) to increase the authorized share capital of the Company to an amount sufficient to cover the 2024 Bridge Warrant Shares or to effectuate a reverse stock split whereby the authorized share capital is not split and is sufficient to cover the 2024 Bridge Warrant Shares (and such reverse split is effectuated) (“Bridge Warrant Stockholder Approval”), and will expire on the fifth (5th) anniversary of the date on which Bridge Warrant Stockholder Approval is received and deemed effective under Delaware law. The exercise price of the 2024 Bridge Warrants is subject to downward adjustment, upon any subsequent transaction at a price lower than the exercise price then in effect and standard adjustments in the event of certain events, such as stock splits, combinations, dividends, distributions, reclassifications, mergers or other corporate changes.

Conversion of Series B Preferred Stock

Between January 1, 2024 and March 27, 2024, holders of the Company’s Series B Convertible Preferred Stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “Series B Preferred Stock”) converted 5,000 shares of Series B Preferred Stock into 1,205,690 shares of common stock, par value $0.0001, of the Company (“Common Stock”).

9

Table of Contents

February 2024 Unit Offering

On February 13, 2024, the Company completed a public offering (the “February 2024 Unit Offering”) of an aggregate of 23,734,000 units (the “February Units”) and 130,106,000 pre-funded units (the “February Pre-Funded Units”) for a purchase price of $0.065 per February Unit and $0.0649 per February Pre-Funded Unit, resulting in aggregate gross proceeds of approximately $10 million. Each February Unit consists of (i) one share of Common Stock, and (ii) one warrant (the “February Warrants”) to purchase one share of Common Stock (the “February Warrant Shares”), at an exercise price of $0.065 per share. Each February Pre-Funded Unit consists of (i) one pre-funded warrant (the “February Pre-Funded Warrants”) to purchase one share of Common Stock, and (ii) one February Warrant. The February Warrants are not exercisable until after the date that stockholder approval is obtained to approve each of (i) the issuance of the February Warrant Shares, as may be required by the Nasdaq Requirement, and (ii) if necessary, a proposal to amend the Certificate of Incorporation to increase the authorized share capital of the Company to an amount sufficient to cover the February Warrant Shares or to effectuate a reverse stock split whereby the authorized share capital is not split and is sufficient to cover the February Warrant Shares (and such reverse split is effectuated) (“Stockholder Approval for February 2024 Unit Offering”), and will expire on the fifth (5th) anniversary of the date on which Stockholder Approval for February 2024 Unit Offering is received and deemed effective under Delaware law. The February Pre-Funded Warrants are immediately exercisable for one share of Common Stock at an exercise price of $0.0001 per share, and will remain exercisable until exercised in full.

The exercise price of the February Warrant and number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise thereof will adjust in the event of certain stock dividends and distributions, stock splits, stock combinations, reclassifications or similar events. Upon a Dilutive Issuance (as defined in the February Warrant), the exercise price will downward adjust subject to a floor price equal to $0.0401. In addition, on the sixth (6th) trading day following the date on which the next reverse stock split is effected by the Company of its outstanding Common Stock following the date of issuance of the February Warrants, the exercise price per February Warrant shall be adjusted to equal the lower of (a) the exercise price then in effect (after taking into account and adjusting for the reverse stock split) and (b) the lowest VWAP (as defined in the February Warrants) of the Common Stock in the five (5) trading days immediately prior to such date.

In connection with the February 2024 Unit Offering, on February 12, 2024, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement (the “February Purchase Agreement”) with certain investors, pursuant to which the Company agreed, subject to certain exemptions, not to offer for sale, issue, sell, contract to sell, pledge or otherwise dispose of any of its shares of Common Stock or securities convertible into Common Stock until the date of the Stockholder Approval for February 2024 Unit Offering, unless the Company is required to complete a financing prior to the date of the Stockholder Approval for February 2024 Unit Offering, in order to satisfy Nasdaq’s continued listing requirements.

Also in connection with the February 2024 Unit Offering, on February 12, 2024, the Company entered into a placement agency agreement (the “February Placement Agency Agreement”) with Maxim, pursuant to which Maxim agreed to act as placement agent on a “best efforts” basis in connection with the February 2024 Unit Offering. The Company paid Maxim an aggregate fee equal to 7.0% of the gross proceeds raised in the February 2024 Unit Offering and reimbursed Maxim $75,000 for expenses in connection therewith. As of the date of this Annual Report, all 130,106,000 pre-funded warrants issued in the February 2024 Unit Offering have been exercised.

Series B Repurchase and Cancellation Transaction

On February 5, 2024, the Company entered into side letter agreements (the “February 2024 Side Letters”) with the holders of Series B Preferred Warrants, whereby such holders agreed to, among others, (i) allow the Company to repurchase all 62,657 outstanding shares of Series B Preferred Stock then held by them at $100 per share with a portion of the proceeds received from the February 2024 Unit Offering, and (ii) cancel all outstanding Series B Preferred Warrants to purchase up to 81,315 shares of Series B Preferred Stock, then held by them, immediately prior to the closing of the February 2024 Unit Offering (collectively, the “Series B Repurchase and Cancellation Transaction”). The Company used approximately $6.3 million of the proceeds from the February 2024 Unit Offering to repurchase 62,657 shares of the Company’s Series B Preferred Stock, at $100 per share.

10

Table of Contents

February 14 Nasdaq Letter

On February 14, 2024, the Company received a notice (the “February 14 Letter”) from the Listing Qualifications Staff (the “Staff”) of Nasdaq that the Staff had determined that as of February 14, 2024, the Company’s securities had a closing bid price of $0.10 or less for ten consecutive trading days triggering application of Listing Rule 5810(c)(3)(A)(iii) which states in part: if during any compliance period specified in Rule 5810(c)(3)(A), a company’s security has a closing bid price of $0.10 or less for ten consecutive trading days, the Listing Qualifications Department shall issue a Staff Delisting Determination under Rule 5810 with respect to that security (the “Low Priced Stocks Rule”). As a result, the Staff determined to delist the Company’s securities from Nasdaq, unless the Company timely requests an appeal of the Staff’s determination to a Hearings Panel (the “Panel”), pursuant to the procedures set forth in the Nasdaq Listing Rule 5800 Series.

The Company has requested a hearing before the Panel to appeal the February 14 Letter and to address all outstanding matters, including compliance with the Nasdaq Listing Rule 5550(a)(2), the Low Priced Stocks Rule and the Nasdaq requirement for listed companies to maintain a minimum of $2,500,000 in stockholders’ equity for continued listing (the “Stockholders’ Equity Requirement”), which hearing was held on March 28, 2024; however, as of the date of this Report, the Panel has not yet rendered a decision. While the appeal process is pending, the suspension of trading of the Common Stock, will be stayed and the Common Stock will continue to trade on the Nasdaq Capital Market until the hearing process concludes and the Panel issues a written decision. There are no assurances that a favorable decision will be obtained from the Panel.

March 2024 Special Meeting

At a special meeting of our stockholders held on March 15, 2024, our stockholders approved (a) a proposal to amend the Certificate of Incorporation to authorize the Company’s board of the directors (the “Board”) to increase the Company’s share capital stock from 220,000,000 shares to 320,000,000 shares, of which 300,000,000 shares shall be Common Stock (the “Charter Amendment to Increase Authorized Shares”), (b) a proposal to amend the Certificate of Incorporation to authorize the Board to effect a reverse stock split of all outstanding shares of Common Stock, by a ratio in the range of one-for-five to one-for-one hundred and fifty, to be determined in the Board’s sole discretion, (c) the issuance of 20% or more of the Company’s outstanding shares of Common Stock upon exercise of the common stock purchase warrants issued to certain holders of the Company’s Series B Convertible Preferred Stock purchase warrants issued on October 17, 2023, for purposes of Nasdaq Rule 5635(d), (d) the issuance of 20% or more of the Company’s outstanding shares of Common Stock upon exercise of the common stock purchase warrants, dated January 23, 2024, issued to the holders of such warrants by the Company pursuant to certain securities purchase agreements, dated as of January 22, 2024, by and between the Company and each such holder, for the purposes of Nasdaq Rule 5635(d), and (e) the amendment to the Company’s 2018 Long-Term Stock Incentive Plan (the “LTIP”) to increase the annual share limit of Common Stock that may be issued only for the 2024 fiscal year under the LTIP from 8% of the shares of Common Stock outstanding to 15% of the shares of Common Stock outstanding.

March 2024 Warrant Amendment

On March 26, 2024, the Company entered into a warrant amendment agreement (the “Warrant Amendment Agreement”) with holders of (i) certain common stock purchase warrants, issued by the Company to such holders in connection with certain inducement agreements, dated as of December 5, 2023, by and between the Company and each such holder (the “December 2023 Warrants”), as amended by that certain warrant amendment agreement, dated as of February 5, 2024, (ii) certain common stock purchase warrants, dated January 23, 2024 (the “January 2024 Warrants”), and (iii) certain common stock purchase warrants, dated February 13, 2024 (the “February 2024 Warrants”, and together with the December 2023 Warrants and the January 2024 Warrants, the “Original Warrants”), whereby the holders agreed to (i) amend the exercisability provision in the December 2023 Warrants and January 2024 Warrants so such warrants shall not be exercisable until one or more certificates of amendment to the Certificate of Incorporation are filed with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware to effectuate an increase in authorized shares of capital stock of the Company and a reverse stock split of the Company’s outstanding shares of Common Stock; and (ii) remove certain exercise price reset, right to reprice and/or share adjustment provisions in the Original Warrants, to be effective following the first adjustments following the Company’s next reverse stock split of its shares of Common Stock, pursuant to each of Section 2(c) in the December 2023 Warrants and the January 2024 Warrants and Section 3(f) of the February 2024 Warrants, as applicable, for purposes of compliance with Nasdaq.

March 2024 Charter Amendment

On March 25, 2024, we filed an amendment to our Certificate of Incorporation to increase our authorized shares of capital stock from 220,000,000 shares to 320,000,000 shares, of which 300,000,000 shares are designated as Common Stock.

11

Table of Contents

March 2024 Offering

On March 27, 2024, we entered into a securities purchase agreement with certain purchasers, pursuant to which we issued and sold to such purchasers (a) in a registered direct offering, (i) 62,675,000 shares of Common Stock and (ii) pre-funded warrants to purchase up to 14,001,478 shares of Common Stock, at an exercise price of $0.0001 per share and (b) in a concurrent private placement, common stock purchase warrants exercisable for an aggregate of up to 76,676,478 shares of Common Stock, at an exercise price of $0.04 per share, for aggregate gross proceeds of approximately $2.3 million (such offerings, the “March Offering”). The March Offering closed on March 27, 2024.

Our Corporate Information

We were formed as a limited liability company in Delaware on July 23, 2010. We converted to a Delaware corporation, effective December 31, 2017. Effective as of March 11, 2022, the Company changed its name to “WiSA Technologies, Inc.”  The address of our corporate headquarters is 15268 NW Greenbrier Pkwy, Beaverton, OR 97006. Our website address is www.wisatechnologies.com. The information contained in or accessible through our website is not part of this prospectus and is intended for informational purposes only.

Item 1A.

Risk Factors.

As a smaller reporting company, the Company is not required to include the disclosure required under this Item 1A.

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments.

Not Applicable.

Item 1C.

Cybersecurity.

Risk management and strategy

We do not believe that we face significant cybersecurity risk and have not adopted a formal cybersecurity risk management program or process for assessing cybersecurity risk currently. We assess material risks from cybersecurity threats on an ongoing basis, including any potential unauthorized occurrence on or conducted through our information systems that may result in adverse effects on the confidentiality, integrity, or availability of our information systems or any information residing therein. As we grow, we plan to develop a more robust and detailed strategy for cybersecurity in alignment with nationally accepted standards. We have not encountered cybersecurity challenges that have materially impaired our operations or financial standing. For additional information regarding risks from cybersecurity threats, please refer to the “Risk Factors” section of the Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No.333-276631), as amended, originally filed by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission on January 19, 2024.

Governance

Our management and Board, including our Board’s audit committee (the “Audit Committee”), recognize the critical importance of maintaining the trust and confidence of our business partners and employees, including the importance of managing cybersecurity risks as part of our larger risk management program. While all of our personnel play a part in managing cybersecurity risks, one of the key functions of the Audit Committee is informed oversight of our risk management process, including risks from cybersecurity threats. The Audit Committee is responsible for monitoring and assessing strategic risk exposure, and our executive officers are responsible for the day-to-day management of the material risks that we face. In general, we seek to address cybersecurity risks through a cross-functional approach that is focused on preserving the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of the information that we collect and store by identifying, preventing, and mitigating cybersecurity threats and effectively responding to cybersecurity incidents when they occur.

12

Table of Contents

Item 2.

Properties.

Facilities

Our principal executive office is located at 15268 NW Greenbrier Pkwy, Beaverton, Oregon 97006, where our research and development, production and sales and marketing personnel operate. We entered into a lease for the office effective November 1, 2020 and rent approximately 10,800 square feet and such lease was originally scheduled to terminate on January 31, 2024. In May 2023, we signed a lease amendment that extended the lease expiration date to June 30, 2029, and agreed to new monthly rates of approximately $15,000 per month. The lease amendment was considered a lease modification and we adjusted its right-of-use asset and operating lease liabilities. We designated our Beaverton, Oregon office our principal executive office in March 2022.

We lease all of our facilities and do not own any real property. We may procure additional space as we add employees and expand geographically. We believe that our facilities are adequate to meet our needs for the immediate future and that should it be needed, suitable additional space will be available to accommodate expansion of our operations.

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings.

At the present time, we are not involved in any material litigation. However, from time to time we may become involved in legal proceedings or be subject to claims arising in the ordinary course of our business.

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures.

Not applicable.

PART II

Item 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

Market Information

Our Common Stock is currently listed on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “WISA.”

Holders

As of March 27, 2024, there were approximately 125 holders of record of our Common Stock. This number does not include shares of Common Stock held by brokerage clearing houses, depositories or others in unregistered form.

Dividends

We have never declared or paid any cash dividends on our Common Stock and do not intend to pay any cash dividends in the foreseeable future. We anticipate that we will retain all of our future earnings for use in the development of our business and for general corporate purposes. Any determination to pay dividends in the future will be at the discretion of the Board. Accordingly, investors must rely on sales of their common stock after price appreciation, which may never occur, as the only way to realize any future gains on their investments.

Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans

Reference is made to “Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters—Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans” for the information required by this item.

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

February 2023 Warrant Issuances

On February 3, 2023, the Company issued Common Stock purchase warrants exercisable for an aggregate of up to 874,959 shares of Common Stock, at an exercise price of $10.49 per share.

13

Table of Contents

March 2023 Warrant Issuances

On March 29, 2023, the Company issued Common Stock purchase warrants exercisable for an aggregate of up to 1,674,414 shares of Common Stock, at an exercise price of $1.91 per share.

April 2023 Warrant Issuances

On April 12, 2023, the Company issued Common Stock purchase warrants exercisable for an aggregate of up to 1,486,132 shares of Common Stock, at an exercise price of $1.41 per share.

May 2023 Warrant Inducements

On May 15, 2023, the Company entered into letter agreements, or the May 2023 Inducement Agreements, with holders of Common Stock purchase warrants previously issued by the Company to the holders pursuant to a private placement conducted concurrently with a registered direct public offering of the Company’s securities that closed on April 12, 2023, and which were still outstanding and had not been previously exercised, or the April 2023 Existing Warrants.

Pursuant to the May 2023 Inducement Agreements, as an inducement and in consideration for a holder’s exercise of the April 2023 Existing Warrants for some or all of the shares of Common Stock available thereunder, the Company delivered to each such holder new Common Stock purchase warrants, or the May 2023 New Warrants, to purchase a number of shares of Common Stock equal to 200% of the number of shares of Common Stock issued to such holder in connection with its exercise of its April 2023 Existing Warrants. The May 2023 New Warrants are immediately exercisable upon issuance at an exercise price of $1.33 per share, have an expiration date of May 17, 2028 and are exercisable on a cashless basis if the shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the May 2023 New Warrants have not been registered by the Company on a registration statement on or before six (6) months after the date of issuance and there is no currently effective registration statement covering the May 2023 New Warrants at the time of exercise. Pursuant to the May 2023 Inducement Agreements, holders agreed to exercise April 2023 Existing Warrants for an aggregate of 1,486,132 shares of Common Stock, resulting in gross proceeds to the Company of approximately $2.1 million before deducting fees and other offering expenses payable by us.

July 2023 Warrant Inducements

On July 26, 2023, the Company entered into warrant exercise inducement offer letters (the “July Inducement Letters”) with holders of the May 2023 New Warrants pursuant to which the Company agreed to issue new inducement warrants (the “July Inducement Warrants”) to purchase a number of shares of Common Stock equal to 100% of the number of shares of Common Stock received upon exercise of the May 2023 New Warrants during the period provided for in the July Inducement Letters, with such July Inducement Warrants to be issued on substantially the same terms as the May 2023 New Warrants (“the July 2023 Warrant Inducement Transaction”). The holders exercised 510,000 of the May 2023 New Warrants pursuant to certain of the July Inducement Letters, and the Company received aggregate gross proceeds of approximately $678,000 from such exercises. In exchange for the exercises of the May 2023 New Warrants, the Company issued July Inducement Warrants exercisable for an aggregate of up to 510,000 shares of Common Stock at an exercise price of $1.29 per share. The inducement offering period closed at 5:00 p.m. EDT on August 8, 2023.

Each July Inducement Warrant was immediately exercisable upon issuance and will expire on the fifth anniversary of its issuance. The exercise price of the July Inducement Warrants is subject to appropriate adjustment in the event of recapitalization events, stock dividends, stock splits, stock combinations, reclassifications, reorganizations or similar events affecting the Company’s Common Stock. The July Inducement Warrants are callable by the Company at a redemption price of $0.50 per July Inducement Warrant, provided that the resale of the shares of Common Stock underlying the July Inducement Warrants are then registered or may be resold under Rule 144 under the Securities Act.

December 2023 Warrant Inducements

On December 5, 2023, the Company entered into warrant inducement letter agreements (collectively the “Inducement Agreements”) with certain holders (“Holders”) of the Company’s Series B Convertible Preferred Stock , par value $0.0001 per share (the “Series B Preferred Stock”) purchase warrants (the “Existing Warrants”) pursuant to which, the holders of the Existing Warrants agreed to a reduced exercise price of $35.72 per share of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock, while maintaining the original fixed conversion price of $0.4147, upon the exercise of any Existing Warrants during the period from the date of the Inducement Agreements until the later of (i) the day immediately preceding the Stockholder Approval Date (as defined in the New Warrant referenced below), or (ii) January 15, 2024.

14

Table of Contents

The aggregate gross proceeds to be received by the Company will depend on the number of Existing Warrants actually exercised by the Holders. If all of the Existing Warrants are exercised in accordance with the Inducement Agreements, the Company anticipates receiving aggregate gross proceeds of up to approximately $6.0 million from the exercise of the Existing Warrants before deducting financial advisory fees and other expenses payable by the Company. There is no guarantee that all of the Existing Warrants will be exercised by the Holders in accordance with the Inducement Agreements. As of February 2, 2024, the Holders have exercised Existing Warrants to purchase 87,657 shares of Series B Preferred Stock, and we have received approximately $3.1 million in gross proceeds from such exercises.

In consideration of each Holders’ agreement to exercise the Existing Warrants in accordance with the applicable Inducement Agreement, the Company agreed to issue each such Holder the New Warrants, to purchase New Warrant Shares at a per share exercise price equal to $0.1482, which New Warrants will contain 4.99/9.99% beneficial ownership limitations, be exercisable at any time on or after the Stockholder Approval Date and expire five years from the Stockholder Approval Date.

2024 Bridge Note and Warrant

On January 22, 2024, the Company entered into the 2024 Bridge Purchase Agreements, with the Holders, pursuant to which the Company agreed to issue to the Holders the 2024 Bridge Promissory Notes and the 2024 Bridge Warrants to purchase up to an aggregate of 10,000,000 shares of the Company’s Common Stock, in consideration for $600,000.

Each of the 2024 Bridge Promissory Notes matures on the earlier to occur of: (i) July 17, 2024 and (ii) the full or partial exercise of certain Series B Preferred Stock purchase warrants currently held by the Holders, issuable for at least 9,322 shares of the Series B Preferred Stock upon such full or partial exercise. The 2024 Bridge Promissory Notes do not bear interest except upon the occurrence of an event of default. The 2024 Bridge Promissory Notes are not convertible into shares of Common Stock or Series B Preferred Stock.

The 2024 Bridge Warrants are not exercisable until after the date that stockholder approval is obtained to approve each of (i) the issuance of the 2024 Bridge Warrant Shares issuable upon the exercise of the 2024 Bridge Warrants, as may be required by the applicable rules and regulations of The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC and (ii) if necessary, a proposal to amend the Certificate of Incorporation to increase the authorized share capital of the Company to an amount sufficient to cover the 2024 Bridge Warrant Shares or to effectuate a reverse stock split whereby the authorized share capital is not split and is sufficient to cover the 2024 Bridge Warrant Shares (and such reverse split is effectuated) (“Bridge Warrant Stockholder Approval”), and will expire on the fifth (5th) anniversary of the date on which Bridge Warrant Stockholder Approval is received and deemed effective under Delaware law. The exercise price of the 2024 Bridge Warrants is subject to downward adjustment, upon any subsequent transaction at a price lower than the exercise price then in effect and standard adjustments in the event of certain events, such as stock splits, combinations, dividends, distributions, reclassifications, mergers or other corporate changes.

The exercise of the 2024 Bridge Warrants is subject to beneficial ownership limitations such that each Holder may not exercise the 2024 Bridge Warrant to the extent that such exercise would result in the Holder being the beneficial owner in excess of 4.99% (or, upon election of the Holder, 9.99%) of the outstanding shares of Common Stock, which beneficial ownership limitation may be increased up to 9.99% upon notice to the Company, provided that any increase in such limitation will not be effective until 61 days following notice to the Company.

The closing of the 2024 Bridge Private Placement occurred on January 23, 2024, pursuant to which, the Company issued the 2024 Bridge Promissory Notes and the 2024 Bridge Warrants to the Holders in accordance with the 2024 Bridge Purchase Agreements.

15

Table of Contents

Unless otherwise stated, the sale and the issuance of the foregoing securities were offered and sold in reliance upon exemptions from registration pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act and Rule 506 of Regulation D promulgated under the Securities Act, or Regulation D. We made this determination based on the representations of each investor which included, in pertinent part, that each such investor was either (A) an “accredited investor” within the meaning of Rule 501 of Regulation D or (B) a “qualified institutional buyer” within the meaning of Rule 144A under the Securities Act and upon such further representations from each investor that (i) such investor acquired the securities for his, her or its own account for investment and not for the account of any other person and not with a view to or for distribution, assignment or resale in connection with any distribution within the meaning of the Securities Act, (ii) such investor agreed not to sell or otherwise transfer the purchased securities unless they are registered under the Securities Act and any applicable state securities laws, or an exemption or exemptions from such registration are available, (iii) such investor had knowledge and experience in financial and business matters such that he, she or it was capable of evaluating the merits and risks of an investment in us, (iv) such investor had access to all of our documents, records, and books pertaining to the investment and was provided the opportunity to ask questions and receive answers regarding the terms and conditions of the offering and to obtain any additional information which we possessed or were able to acquire without unreasonable effort and expense, and (v) such investor had no need for the liquidity in its investment in us and could afford the complete loss of such investment. In addition, there was no general solicitation or advertising for securities issued in reliance upon these exemptions.

Item 6.

[Reserved]

Item 7.

Management Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operation should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes that appear elsewhere in this Report. This discussion contains forward-looking statements and information relating to our business that reflect our current views and assumptions with respect to future events and are subject to risks and uncertainties that may cause our or our industry’s actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements.

These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Report. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, or achievements. Except as required by applicable law, including the securities laws of the United States, we expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking to disseminate any update or revisions of any of the forward-looking statements to reflect any change in our expectations with regard thereto or to conform these statements to actual results.

Overview

WiSA Technologies, Inc formerly known as Summit Wireless Technologies, Inc. (together with its subsidiaries also referred to herein as “we”, “us”, “our”, or the “Company”) was originally formed as a limited liability company in Delaware on July 23, 2010. Our business is to deliver the best-in-class immersive wireless sound technology for intelligent devices and next generation home entertainment systems through the sale of module components to audio companies as well as audio products to resellers and consumers.

The address of our corporate headquarters is 15268 NW Greenbrier Pkwy, Beaverton, OR 97006. Our website address is www.wisatechnologies.com. The information contained in or accessible through our website is not part of this Report and is intended for informational purposes only.

We are an emerging technology company and our primary business focus is to enable mainstream consumers and audio enthusiasts to experience high quality wireless audio. We intend to continue selling our proprietary wireless modules to consumer electronics companies while also expanding our focus to implement a lower cost solution by porting our IP software onto commercially available internet of things (or IoT), modules with integrated Wi-Fi technology.

16

Table of Contents

Our technology addresses some of the main issues that we perceive are hindering the growth of the home theater: complexity of installation and cost. We believe that consumers want to experience theater quality surround sound from the comfort of their homes. However, wired home theater systems often require expensive audio-visual (or AV), receivers to decode the audio stream, leaving the consumer with the burden of concealing the wires. Hiring a professional to hide the wires into the walls or floor is invasive, complicated, costly and time consuming. Further, people who rent as opposed to own may not be able to install these systems as the installation construction needed may not be permitted under a lease agreement. Our first-generation wireless technology addresses these problems by transmitting wireless audio to each speaker at Blu-ray quality (uncompressed 24-bit audio up to 96 kHz sample rates) and emphasizing ease of setup. To our knowledge, our custom chips and modules technology is one of the few technologies available today that can stream up to eight (8) separate wireless audio channels with low latency, removing lip-sync issues between the audio and video sources. In addition, every speaker within a system that utilizes our technology can be synchronized to less than one microsecond, thus eliminating phase distortion between speakers. Our first-generation technology shows that wireless home theater systems are viable home audio solutions for the average consumer and audio enthusiast alike.

Current research and development investments focus on developing Wi-Fi compatible IP software for transmitting multichannel wireless audio for which patent applications have been submitted. A software solution enables smart devices that have Wi-Fi and video media to deliver surround sound audio and allows us to port our wireless audio technology to popular Wi-Fi based modules and systems on a chip (or SOC), that is currently in production. The Company’s “Discovery” module first announced in January 2021 is the first IoT module solution with our embedded wireless audio software that specifically targets the high growth Dolby ATMOS soundbar market with a low-cost transceiver. The Discovery module is capable of supporting ATMOS configurations up to 5.1.4. requiring five separate wireless audio channels. Our goal is to continue to commercialize and improve performance of a software based-solution, which other brands can integrate into their devices, that will (i) reduce integration costs for mass market use, (ii) utilize Wi-Fi for wireless connectivity, making it easy to integrate into today’s high volume, low cost SOC and modules, (iii) provide a low power consumption option to allow for use in battery powered devices, and (iv) provide compatibility with popular consumer electronic operating systems.

To date, our operations have been funded through sales of our common and preferred equity, proceeds from the exercise of warrants, sale of debt instruments, and revenue from the sale of our products. Our consolidated financial statements contemplate the continuation of our business as a going concern. However, we are subject to the risks and uncertainties associated with an emerging business, as noted above we have no established source of capital, and we have incurred recurring losses from operations since inception.

To date, travel restrictions and border closures have not materially impacted our ability to obtain inventory or manufacture or deliver products or services to customers. However, if such restrictions become more severe, they could negatively impact those activities in a way that would harm our business over the long term. Travel restrictions impacting people can restrain our ability to assist our customers and distributors as well as impact our ability to develop new distribution channels, but at present we do not expect these restrictions on personal travel to be material to our business operations or financial results.

Critical Accounting Policies

The following discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations is based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Certain accounting policies and estimates are particularly important to the understanding of our financial position and results of operations and require the application of significant judgment by our management or can be materially affected by changes from period to period in economic factors or conditions that are outside of our control. As a result, they are subject to an inherent degree of uncertainty. In applying these policies, our management uses their judgment to determine the appropriate assumptions to be used in the determination of certain estimates. Those estimates are based on our historical operations, our future business plans and projected financial results, our observance of trends in the industry and information available from other outside sources, as appropriate. Please see Note 1 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for a more complete description of our significant accounting policies.

Comparison of the Years Ended December 31, 2023 and 2022

Revenue

Revenue for the year ended December 31, 2023 was $2,083,000 a decrease of $1,282,000 or 38%, compared to the revenue of $3,365,000 for the year ended December 31, 2022. The decrease in overall sales is primarily related to a slow-down in consumer spending on consumer electronics which resulted in lower Component revenue of $1,269,000 and lower Consumer Audio Product revenue of $13,000, when compared to the year ended December 31, 2022.

17

Table of Contents

Gross Profit (Deficit) and Operating Expenses

Gross Profit (Deficit)

Gross deficit for the year ended December 31, 2023 was $3,457,000 a decrease of $3,852,000 compared to a gross profit of $395,000 for the year ended December 31. 2022. The gross margin (deficit) as a percent of sales was (166%) for the year ended December 31, 2023, compared to 12% for the year ended December 31, 2022. The decrease in gross profit and gross margin as a percent of sales is mainly attributable to a $2.9 million increase in inventory reserves primarily attributable to our semiconductor chips as they were determined to be excess and lower sales volumes in relation to the fixed portion of costs and lower pricing of our Consumer Audio Products.

Research and Development

Research and development expenses for the year ended December 31, 2023 were $7,456,000, an increase of $312,000, compared to expenses of $7,144,000 for the year ended December 31, 2022. The increase in research and development expenses is primarily related to increased salary and benefit expense of $152,000, increased consulting expenses of $167,000, which includes outside engineering and direct materials used in research and development of $34,000, partially offset by reduced recruiting fees of $108,000.

Sales and Marketing

Sales and marketing expenses for the year ended December 31, 2023 were $5,177,000, a decrease of $963,000 compared to expenses of $6,140,000 for the year ended December 31, 2022. The decrease in sales and marketing expenses is primarily related to decreased salary and benefit expense of $210,000, and decreased advertising expenses and website expenses of $560,000 and $186,000, respectively.

General and Administrative

General and administrative expenses for the year ended December 31, 2023 were $5,367,000, an increase of $212,000, compared to expenses of $5,155,000 for the year ended December 31, 2022. The increase in general and administrative expenses is primarily related to increased investor relations fees of $528,000, partially offset by reduced consulting fees and legal fees of $95,000 and $60,000, respectively.

Interest Expense, net

Interest expense, net for the year ended December 31, 2023 was $932,000 compared to $898,000 for the year ended December 31, 2022.

Interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2023 was primarily due to the amortization of debt discounts associated with the senior secured convertible note that the Company issued in August 2022 and repaid in full on April 11, 2023 and the amortization of debt discounts associated the short-term loan that the Company issued in September 2023 that was repaid in full on December 7, 2023.

Interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2022 was primarily due to the amortization of debt discounts associated with the senior secured convertible note that the Company issued in August 2022.

Change in Fair Value of Warrant Liability

Change in fair value of warrant liability for the year ended December 31, 2023 was approximately $4,510,000 compared to $2,852,000 for the year ended December 31, 2022. The change in fair value of the warrant liability for the year ended December 31, 2023 was due to the issuance of warrants during the year ended December 2023 associated with our common stock and Series B Preferred Stock offerings and the subsequent decrease in our common stock price at year end compared to the price of our stock on the date of the warrants were issued.

18

Table of Contents

Loss on Debt Extinguishment

During the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company recorded a loss on debt extinguishment of $837,000. The loss is directly related to the Company’s April 2023 repayment of the Convertible Note in the amount of $1,656,744. The repayment of the entirety of the outstanding balance of such note, included the unpaid principal, interest through the payoff date, and a pre-payment premium of $276,000. The loss also includes the expensing of the related unamortized debt discounts totaling $894,000, offset partially by a $333,000 gain on termination of a derivative liability that was established in connection with the Convertible Note.

Deemed Dividend on Exchange of Convertible Preferred Stock for Common Stock

During the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company recorded a deemed dividend of $6,360,000, which was primarily related to the accretion upon the conversion of 110,278 shares of Series B Preferred Stock to 26,592,199 shares of common stock. No such deemed dividend occurred during the year ended December 31, 2022.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Cash and cash equivalents as of December 31, 2023 were $411,000, compared to $2,897,000 as of December 31, 2022.

We used net cash in operating activities of $14,826,000 for the year ended December 31, 2023. For the year ended December 31, 2022, we used net cash in operating activities of $17,514,000. Excluding the net loss and non-cash adjustments, the decrease in the use of net cash from operating activities during the year ended December 31, 2023, was primarily related to the decrease in inventories.

We have financed our operations to date primarily through the issuance of equity securities, proceeds from the exercise of warrants to purchase common stock and sale of debt instruments. In August 2022, we received net proceeds of $2.5 million from the issuance of a convertible promissory note to an investor. In December 2022, we received net proceeds of $6.4 million, from the issuance of 540,000 shares of common stock (includes the exercise of 36,000 pre-funded warrants) and the issuance of 1,080,000 warrants to purchase common stock. In February 2023, we received net proceeds of approximately $5.3 million from the issuance of 583,306 shares of common stock (includes the exercise of 381,762 pre-funded warrants) and the issuance of 874,959 warrants to purchase common stock. In March 2023, we received net proceeds of approximately $1.6 million from the issuance of 837,207 shares of common stock and the issuance of 1,674,414 warrants to purchase common stock. In April 2023, we received net proceeds of approximately $1.0 million through the issuance of common stock and warrants. In May 2023, we received net proceeds of approximately $1.9 million in connection with a warrant inducement. In July 2023, we received net proceeds of approximately $0.6 million in connection with a warrant inducement. In September 2023, we secured a term loan in the principal amount of $650,000 from a related party. In October 2023, we received gross proceeds of approximately $4.8 million, prior to underwriting discounts, commissions, and offering expenses, from the issuance of 87,000 shares of preferred stock and the issuance of 174,000 warrants to purchase preferred stock. In December 2023, we received gross proceeds of approximately $2.1 million in connection with the Warrant Inducement Transaction. We will need to raise additional proceeds via the issuance of equity securities and/or the sale of debt instruments in the first quarter of 2024 to fund operations for the second, third and fourth quarters of fiscal year 2024 (See Note 11 – Subsequent Events in Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements).

Going Concern

Our consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the discharge of liabilities in the normal course of business. We have incurred net operating losses each year since inception. As of December 31, 2023, we had cash and cash equivalents of $0.4 million and reported net cash used in operations of $14.8 million during the year ended December 31, 2023. The Company expects operating losses to continue in the foreseeable future because of additional costs and expenses related to research and development activities, plans to expand its product portfolio, and increase its market share. The Company’s ability to attain profitable operations is dependent upon achieving a level of revenues adequate to support its cost structure.

Based on current operating levels, we will need to raise additional funds during the next 12 months by selling additional equity or incurring debt (See Note 11 – Subsequent Events for additional information). To date, the Company has funded its operations primarily through issuance of equity securities and proceeds from the exercise of warrants to purchase common stock and the sale of debt instruments. Additionally, future capital requirements will depend on many factors, including the rate of revenue growth, the selling price of the Company’s products, the expansion of sales and marketing activities, the timing and extent of spending on research and development efforts and the continuing market acceptance of the Company’s products. These factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern for the twelve months from the date of this prospectus.

19

Table of Contents

Management of the Company intends to raise additional funds through the issuance of equity securities or debt. There can be no assurance that, in the event the Company requires additional financing, such financing will be available at terms acceptable to the Company, if at all. Failure to generate sufficient cash flows from operations, raise additional capital and reduce discretionary spending could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s ability to achieve its intended business objectives. As a result, the substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern has not been alleviated. The accompanying consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might be necessary if the Company is unable to continue as a going concern.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We have no off-balance sheet arrangements.

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk.

We are not required to provide the information required by this Item as we are a smaller reporting company.

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

The consolidated financial statements, notes to the consolidated financial statements and the respective report of the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm required to be filed in response to this Item 8 begin on page F-1.

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

None.

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

As required by Rule 13a-15 under the Exchange Act, we have carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this Report. This evaluation was carried out under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer. Based on their evaluation as of December 31, 2023, the end of the period covered by this Report, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at a reasonable assurance level to ensure that the information required to be disclosed in reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act, including this Report, was recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and was accumulated and communicated to management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting for the Company. Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. Internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) ender the Exchange Act) includes those policies and procedures that: (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the Company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the Company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the Company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the Company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

20

Table of Contents

Management (with the participation of the CEO and CAO) conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on criteria established in the 2013 Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on this evaluation, management concluded that Company’s internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 31, 2023. This Report does not include an attestation report of our registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management’s report was not subject to attestation by our registered public accounting firm because as a smaller reporting company we are not subject to Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There were no changes in our internal controls over financial reporting during the three months ended December 31, 2023 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect our internal controls over financial reporting.

Item 9B.

Other Information

None.

Item 9C.

Disclosure Regarding Foreign Jurisdictions that Prevent Inspections

Not applicable.

21

Table of Contents

PART III

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

Executive Officers, Other Executive Management and Directors

The following table sets forth the names and ages, as of the date of this prospectus, and titles of the individuals who will serve as our executive officers and members of our Board as of March 27, 2024:

Name

    

Position

    

Age

Brett Moyer

 

President, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board

 

66

Gary Williams

 

Chief Accounting Officer and VP of Finance

 

57

Lisa Cummins

 

Director (1)(3)

 

54

Dr. Jeffrey M. Gilbert

 

Director (2)(3)

 

52

David Howitt

 

Director

 

55

Helge Kristensen

 

Director

 

63

Sriram Peruvemba

 

Director (1)(2)

 

58

Robert Tobias

 

Director (2)(3)

 

60

Wendy Wilson

 

Director (1)

 

56

(1)

Member of the audit committee.

(2)

Member of the compensation committee.

(3)

Member of the nominating and corporate governance committee.

Executive Officers

Brett Moyer, Chief Executive Officer, President and Director and Chairman. Brett Moyer is a founding member of the Company and has served as the President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company and as a member of its Board since August 2010. From August 2002 to July 2010, Mr. Moyer served as president and chief executive officer of Focus Enhancements, Inc., a developer and marketer of proprietary video technology and UWB wireless chips. From February 1986 to May 1997, Mr. Moyer worked at Zenith Electronics Inc. a consumer electronic company, where he had most recently been the vice president and general manager of its Commercial Products Division. Between August 2017 and October 2019, Mr. Moyer served as a member of the board of directors of DionyMed Brands Inc., a company which operated a multi-state, vertically integrated operating platform that designs, develops, markets and sold a portfolio of branded cannabis products. From June 2016 to November 2018, Mr. Moyer served as a member of the board of directors of Alliant International University, a private university offering graduate study in psychology, education, business management, law and forensic studies, and bachelor’s degree programs in several fields. From 2003 to December 2015, he served as a member of the board of directors of HotChalk, Inc., a developer of software for the educational market, and from March 2007 to September 2008, he was a member of the board of directors of NeoMagic Corporation, a developer of semiconductor chips and software that enable multimedia applications for handheld devices. Mr. Moyer received a Bachelor of Arts in Economics from Beloit College in Wisconsin and a Master’s of Business Administration with a concentration in finance and accounting from Thunderbird School of Global Management. The Company believes that Mr. Moyer is qualified to serve on the Board because of his extensive experience as an executive with technology and electronic companies.

Gary Williams, Chief Accounting Officer and Vice President of Finance. Gary Williams has served as Chief Accounting Officer since September 9, 2019 and as Vice President of Finance since the Company’s founding in August 2010. Mr. Williams previously served as Secretary and Chief Financial Officer since the Company’s founding in August 2010 until September 9, 2019. In addition, Mr. Williams served as the Chief Financial Officer of Quantum3D, Inc., a training and simulation technology company, from November 2012 to September 2016. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. Williams served as secretary, vice president of finance and chief financial officer of Focus Enhancements Inc., a developer and marketer of proprietary video technology, from January 2001 to July 2010, when the videography and semiconductor businesses of the company were purchased by VITEC Multimedia, Inc. and the Company, respectively. Mr. Williams served as controller, vice president of finance, chief financial officer and secretary of Videonics Inc., a publicly traded company in the consumer electronics business, from February 1995 to January 2001, when Videonics merged with Focus Enhancements, Inc. From July 1994 to January 1995, Mr. Williams served as controller for Western Micro Technology, a publicly traded company in the electronics distribution business. From January 1990 to June 1994, Mr. Williams worked in public accounting for Coopers & Lybrand LLP. Mr. Williams is a certified public accountant, inactive, and received a Bachelor’s Degree in Business Administration, with an emphasis in Accounting, from San Diego State University.

22

Table of Contents

Directors

Lisa Cummins. Lisa Cummins has been a member of the Board since June 2019. Ms. Cummins currently serves as Chief Financial Officer for Ayar Labs, a venture backed startup that is developing an optical based “chiplet” to provide high speed, high density & low power to replace traditional electrical based input/output. She joined Ayar Labs in January 2019 after overseeing a successful sale of Penguin Computing, a private equity backed company, to Smart Global Holdings in June 2018. Prior to that, from May 2007 to October 2012, she served as Chief Financial Officer at Adept Technology, a Nasdaq publicly traded global robotics company, where she oversaw investor relations, led the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as amended, compliance, completed multiple acquisitions, and secured bank and equity financing including a secondary public offering. Ms. Cummins is a certified public accountant, inactive, earned a Business Economics degree from the University of California Santa Barbara and a Masters in Business Administration from St. Mary’s College. The Company believes that Ms. Cummins is qualified to serve on the Board because of her over 25 years of experience as a growth-oriented financial executive in global high-tech organizations.

Dr. Jeffrey M. Gilbert. Dr. Gilbert has been a member of the Board since April 2015. Dr. Gilbert has been working in the Research and Machine Intelligence and Project Loon teams at Google, Inc. since March 2014, and from January 2014 to March 2014, Dr. Gilbert worked for Transformational Technology Insights LLC, a consulting company, where he served as the sole principal. Previously, from May 2011 to December 2013, Dr. Gilbert was chief technology officer of Silicon Image, Inc., a leading provider of wired and wireless connectivity solutions. Dr. Gilbert was responsible for Silicon Image Inc.’s technology vision, advanced technology, and standards initiatives. Prior to joining Silicon Image Inc., Dr. Gilbert was chief technical officer of SiBEAM Inc., a fabless semiconductor company pioneering the development of intelligent millimeter wave silicon solutions for wireless communications, from May 2005 to May 2011. Before SiBEAM Inc., Dr. Gilbert served as director of algorithms and architecture and other engineering and management positions at Atheros Communications, a semiconductor developer, from May 2000 to May 2005, where he led the development of that company’s 802.11n, 802.11g, eXtended Range (“XR”), and Smart Antenna technologies. Dr. Gilbert received a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from the University of California Berkeley, an M.Phil. in Computer Speech and Language Processing from Cambridge University, and a B.A. in Computer Science from Harvard College. The Company believes that Dr. Gilbert is qualified to serve on the Board to advise the Company on technology developments and management based on his long-standing experience in the wireless and technology industries.

David Howitt. David Howitt has been a member of the Board since December 2021. Since March 2004, Mr. Howitt has served as the founder and CEO of Meriwether Group LLC, a strategic consulting firm that works with disruptive consumer brands by integrating their visions, developing growth strategies, scaling their brands, and increasing revenue in order to build enterprise value. Prior to founding Meriwether Group LLC, between 1997 to 2008 Mr. Howitt worked in various positions at Adidas US, including managing Licensing and Business Development and as corporate counsel from 1997 to 2001. Mr. Howitt serves as Member Of The Board Of Advisors, Bloch International. Mr. Howitt earned his bachelor’s degree, political science/philosophy at Denison University and his JD, environmental and natural resources law at Lewis & Clark Law School. The Company believes that Mr. Howitt is qualified to serve on the Board because of his experience as a growth-oriented leader in a multitude of organizations.

Helge Kristensen. Helge Kristensen has been a member of the Board since August 2010. Mr. Kristensen has held high level management positions in technology companies for the last 25 years and for the last 18 years, he has served as vice president of Hansong Technology, an original device manufacturer of audio products based in China, and as president of Platin Gate Technology (Nanjing) Co. Ltd, a company with focus on service-branding in lifestyle products as well as pro line products based in China. Since August 2015, Mr. Kristensen has served as co-founder and director of Inizio Capital, an investment company based in the Cayman Islands. Mr. Kristensen has been involved in the audio and technology industries for more than 25 years. His expertise is centered on understanding and applying new and innovative technologies. He holds a master’s degree in Engineering and an HD-R, a graduate diploma, in Business Administration (Financial and Management Accounting) from Alborg University in Denmark. The Company believes that Mr. Kristensen is qualified to serve on the Board because of his technology and managerial experience as well has his knowledge of the audio industry.

23

Table of Contents

Sriram Peruvemba. Sriram Peruvemba has been a member of the Board since June 2020. He is the CEO of Marketer International Inc., a marketing services firm, a position he has held since July 2014. Mr. Peruvemba currently serves on a number of additional boards, including as a member of Visionect d.o.o since September 2017, as a member of Omniply Technologies since May 2020, as a member of Edgehog Technologies since January 2023, as a member of SmartKem Inc. since July 2023, and as a member of Azumo since July 2023. He previously served as board member and chair of marketing for the Society for Information Display from August 2014 to July 2020. Mr. Peruvemba was previously the Chief Marketing Officer at E Ink Holdings, where he played a major role in transforming the startup to a global company with a valuation greater than $1 billion. With over 30 years of experience in the technology industry, Mr. Peruvemba has been an influential advocate in the advancement of electronic hardware technologies. Based in Silicon Valley, Mr. Peruvemba advises high tech firms in the US, Canada, and Europe. He received a bachelor’s degree in Engineering from Bangalore University, an MBA degree from Wichita State University and a post-graduate diploma in management from Indira Gandhi National Open University. The Company believes that Mr. Peruvemba is qualified to serve on the Board because of such experience and because he is an acknowledged expert on electronic displays, haptics, touch screens, electronic materials and related technologies. He also consults, writes and presents on those subjects globally.

Robert Tobias. Robert Tobias has been a member of the Board since February 2020 and has served as CEO, Chairman and President of HDMI Licensing Administrator Inc. since January 2017, where he has been the strategic force behind the licensing, enforcement, compliance and growth of HDMI® technology around the world. Mr. Tobias leads efforts to promote the HDMI specification as the premier digital and audio interface to the consumer electronics, mobile, PC and entertainment industries. In addition, he oversees IP enforcement with 1700 HDMI licensees and partners responsible for the release of almost nine billion HDMI products worldwide, and as such brings a recognized level of expertise working with foreign regulatory channels, customs authorities, standards development organizations, media companies, etc., to grow the business and protect the HDMI brand. Prior to joining HDMI Licensing Administrator Inc., Mr. Tobias served as President of HDMI Licensing LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lattice Semiconductor, from September 2015 to December 2016, where he led the marketing, licensing and compliance teams promoting and licensing the HDMI intellectual property, and prior to that, he held the roles of President at MHL and Senior Director of Strategic Product Marketing and Business Development at Silicon Image. Mr. Tobias earned a Bachelor’s degree in Electrical Engineering from UC Davis, an MBA from Santa Clara University and sits on the UC Davis Engineering Faculty Dean’s Executive Committee. The Company believes that Mr. Tobias is qualified to serve on the Board based on his experience and leadership in the consumer electronics industry as well as his strong relationships with top consumer electronics brands in Asia.

Wendy Wilson. Wendy Wilson has been a member of the Board since May 2021. Ms. Wilson previously served as Vice President of Marketing at ChargePoint, Inc. from August 2017 to November 2023, a leading electric vehicle charging network provider, where she had profit and loss responsibilities for the company’s home business unit, assisted with run go-to- market functions for such company’s SaaS businesses and helped to expand operations into European markets with scalable localization, web, and marketing processes. Previously, Ms. Wilson served as Vice President of Marketing at Jive Software, a communication software company, from August 2014 to July 2017, where she led demand generation, field and web teams, and has held leadership roles in small venture capital funded startups and publicly traded firms, including Yahoo! Inc. and The Walt Disney Company (“Disney”). In her leadership role at Infoseek, which was acquired by Disney in 1998, she was responsible for cross- disciplinary teams from ESPN, Go.com (ABC News), Mr. Showbiz and Infoseek brands. At Yahoo, she was responsible for both the monetization and editorial strategy for the Yahoo front page, known then as the world’s homepage. Ms. Wilson is a graduate of Northwestern University with a bachelor’s degree in English. The Company believes that Ms. Wilson is qualified to serve on the Board based on her expertise in digital marketing and go-to-market strategies for companies with “business to consumer” and “business to business to consumer” commerce models.

Family Relationships

There are no family relationships among any of our directors or executive officers.

Involvement in Certain Legal Proceedings

In 2015, Quantum3D, Inc. (“Quantum3D”), a company of which Mr. Williams had been serving as chief financial officer, as a result of his prior experience in corporate restructuring, was placed into an assignment for the benefit of creditors. Mr. Williams continued to serve as chief financial officer during Quantum3D’s restructuring and negotiated a sale in September 2016.

On October 29, 2019, DionyMed Brands Inc., a British Columbia company which Mr. Moyer had been serving as a director, was placed in receivership and Mr. Moyer resigned.

24

Table of Contents

Other than the foregoing, to the best of our knowledge, none of our directors or executive officers has, during the past ten (10) years:

been convicted in a criminal proceeding or been subject to a pending criminal proceeding (excluding traffic violations and other minor offenses);
had any bankruptcy petition filed by or against the business or property of the person, or of any partnership, corporation or business association of which he was a general partner or executive officer, either at the time of the bankruptcy filing or within two (2) years prior to that time;
been subject to any order, judgment, or decree, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, of any court of competent jurisdiction or federal or state authority, permanently or temporarily enjoining, barring, suspending or otherwise limiting, his involvement in any type of business, securities, futures, commodities, investment, banking, savings and loan, or insurance activities, or his association with persons engaged in any such activity;
been found by a court of competent jurisdiction in a civil action or by the SEC or the Commodity Futures Trading Commission to have violated a federal or state securities or commodities law, and the judgment has not been reversed, suspended, or vacated;
been the subject of, or a party to, any federal or state judicial or administrative order, judgment, decree, or finding, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated (not including any settlement of a civil proceeding among private litigants), relating to an alleged violation of any federal or state securities or commodities law or regulation, any law or regulation respecting financial institutions or insurance companies including, but not limited to, a temporary or permanent injunction, order of disgorgement or restitution, civil money penalty or temporary or permanent cease-and-desist order, or removal or prohibition order, or any law or regulation prohibiting mail or wire fraud or fraud in connection with any business entity; or
been the subject of, or a party to, any sanction or order, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, of any self-regulatory organization (as defined in Section 3(a)(26) of the Exchange Act), any registered entity (as defined in Section 1(a)(29) of the Commodity Exchange Act), or any equivalent exchange, association, entity or organization that has disciplinary authority over its members or persons associated with a member.

CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

Board of Directors

The Board oversees our business affairs and monitors the performance of our management. In accordance with our corporate governance principles, the Board does not involve itself in day-to-day operations. The directors keep themselves informed through discussions with the Chief Executive Officer, other key executives and by reading the reports and other materials sent to them and by participating in Board and committee meetings. Our directors hold office until the next Annual Meeting of Stockholders and until each of their respective successors are elected and qualified or until each of their earlier resignation or removal, or if for some other reason they are unable to serve in the capacity of director.

Our Board currently consists of eight (8) members: Brett Moyer, Lisa Cummins, David Howitt, Dr. Jeffrey M. Gilbert, Helge Kristensen, Sriram Peruvemba, Robert Tobias and Wendy Wilson. All of our directors will serve until our next annual meeting of stockholders and until their successors are duly elected and qualified or until their earlier resignation or removal.

Director Independence

As our Common Stock is listed on the Nasdaq Capital Market, our determination of the independence of directors is made using the definition of “independent director” contained in Rule 5605(a)(2) of the Marketplace Rules of The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC. Our Board affirmatively determined that Dr. Jeffrey M. Gilbert, Sriram Peruvemba, Lisa Cummins, Robert Tobias and Wendy Wilson are “independent directors,” as that term is defined in the Marketplace Rules of The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC (the “Nasdaq Rules”). Under the corporate governance rules of Nasdaq, our Board must be composed of a majority of “independent directors.” Additionally, subject to certain limited exceptions, our audit, compensation, and nominating and corporate governance committees also must be composed of all independent directors.

25

Table of Contents

The Nasdaq Rules require that each member of a listed company’s audit, compensation and nominations committees be independent. Audit committee members must also satisfy the independence criteria set forth in Rule 10A-3 under the Exchange Act. Under the Nasdaq Rules, a director will only qualify as an “independent director” if, in the opinion of that company’s board of directors, that person does not have a relationship that would interfere with the exercise of independent judgment in carrying out the responsibilities of a director.

To be considered to be independent for purposes of Rule 10A-3 of the Exchange Act, a member of an audit committee of a listed company may not, other than in such member’s capacity as a member of such committee, such company’s board of directors, or any other committee of such board of directors: (1) accept, directly or indirectly, any consulting, advisory, or other compensatory fee from the listed company or any of its subsidiaries; or (2) be an affiliated person of the listed company or any of its subsidiaries.

Our Board has undertaken a review of its composition, the composition of its committees and the independence of each director. Based upon information requested from and provided by each director concerning such director’s background, employment and affiliations, including family relationships, our Board has determined that (a) the following members of our Board have a relationship that would interfere with the exercise of independent judgment in carrying out the responsibilities of a director: Brett Moyer, Helge Kristensen and David Howitt, and (b) other than such directors, each of our directors is “independent” as that term is defined under the Nasdaq Rules. In making this determination, our Board considered the current and prior relationships that each non-employee director has with our Company and all other facts and circumstances our Board deemed relevant in determining their independence, including the beneficial ownership of our shares of Common Stock by each non-employee director. Our Board has determined that (i) Ms. Cummins, Mr. Peruvemba and Ms. Wilson satisfy the independence standards for the Board’s audit committee established by the Nasdaq Rules and Rule 10A-3 of the Exchange Act, (ii) Mr. Peruvemba, Dr. Gilbert and Mr. Tobias satisfy the independence standards for the Board’s compensation committee established by the Nasdaq Rules and are “independent directors” for such committee’s purposes and (ii) Mr. Tobias, Dr. Gilbert and Ms. Cummins satisfy the independence standards for the Board’s nominating and corporate governance committee established by the Nasdaq Rules and are “independent directors” for such committee’s purposes.

Board Meetings and Attendance

During fiscal year 2023, the Board held 4 physical/telephonic meetings. No incumbent director attended, either in person or via telephone, fewer than 75% of the aggregate of all meetings of the Board and the committees of the Board, for which at the time of the meeting they were a member of the Board. The Board also approved certain actions by unanimous written consent.

Annual Meeting Attendance

The Company held its 2023 Annual Meeting of Stockholders on January 30, 2024, after it was initially convened and adjourned on December 15, 2023.

Stockholder Communications with the Board

Stockholders wishing to communicate with the Board, the non-management directors, or with an individual Board member may do so by writing to the Board, to the non-management directors, or to the particular Board member, and mailing the correspondence to: c/o Brett Moyer, Chief Executive Officer, WiSA Technologies, Inc., 15268 NW Greenbrier Pkwy, Beaverton, OR 97006. The envelope should indicate that it contains a stockholder communication. All such stockholder communications will be forwarded to the director or directors to whom the communications are addressed.

Board Committees

Our Board has an audit committee, a compensation committee and a nominating and corporate governance committee. Each Board committee has a charter, which is available on our website at https://ir.wisatechnologies.com/corporate-governance/governance-documents. Information contained on our website is not incorporated herein by reference. Each of the Board’s committees has the composition and responsibilities described below.

As of March 27, 2024, the members of such committees are:

Audit Committee – Lisa Cummins*(1), Sriram Peruvemba and Wendy Wilson

Compensation Committee – Sriram Peruvemba*, Dr. Jeffrey M. Gilbert and Robert Tobias

Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee – Robert Tobias*, Lisa Cummins and Dr. Jeffrey M. Gilbert.

26

Table of Contents

* Indicates Committee Chair

(1) Indicates Audit Committee Financial Expert

Audit Committee

The Audit Committee has been established in accordance with Section 3(a)(58)(A) of the Exchange Act. The members of our Audit Committee are Lisa Cummins, Sriram Peruvemba and Wendy Wilson, each of whom are “independent” within the meaning of Rule 10A-3 under the Exchange Act and the Nasdaq rules. Our Board has determined that Ms. Cummins shall serve as the “audit committee financial expert,” as such term is defined in Item 407(d)(5) of Regulation S-K. In addition, Ms. Cummins serves as Chairperson of our Audit Committee.

The Audit Committee oversees our corporate accounting and financial reporting process and oversees the audit of our financial statements and the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting. The responsibilities of the Audit Committee include, among other matters:
selecting a qualified firm to serve as the independent registered public accounting firm to audit our consolidated financial statements;
helping to ensure the independence and performance of the independent registered public accounting firm;
discussing the scope and results of the audit with the independent registered public accounting firm, and reviewing, with management and the independent registered public accounting firm, our interim and year-end operating results;
developing procedures for employees to submit concerns anonymously about questionable accounting or audit matters;
reviewing our policies on risk assessment and risk management;
reviewing related party transactions;
obtaining and reviewing a report by the independent registered public accounting firm at least annually, that describes our internal control procedures, any material weaknesses with such procedures, and any steps taken to deal with such material weaknesses when required by applicable law; and
approving (or, as permitted, pre-approving) all audit and all permissible non-audit services, other than de minimis non-audit services, to be performed by the independent registered public accounting firm.

The Audit Committee operates under a written charter adopted by the Board that satisfies the applicable standards of Nasdaq.

Compensation Committee

The members of our Board’s compensation committee (the “Compensation Committee”) are Sriram Peruvemba, Dr. Jeffrey M. Gilbert and Robert Tobias. Dr. Gilbert and Messrs. Peruvemba and Tobias are “independent” within the meaning of the Nasdaq rules. In addition, each member of our Compensation Committee qualifies as a “non-employee director” under Rule16b-3 of the Exchange Act. Our Compensation Committee assists the Board in the discharge of its responsibilities relating to the compensation of the members of the Board and our executive officers. Mr. Peruvemba serves as the Chairman of our Compensation Committee.

The Compensation Committee’s compensation-related responsibilities include, among other matters:

reviewing and approving, or recommending that our Board approve, the compensation of our executive officers;
reviewing and recommending to our Board the compensation of our directors;
reviewing and approving, or recommending that our Board approve, the terms of compensatory arrangements with our executive officers;
administering our stock and equity incentive plans;

27

Table of Contents

reviewing and approving, or recommending that our Board approve, incentive compensation and equity plans; and
reviewing and establishing general policies relating to compensation and benefits of our employees and reviewing our overall compensation philosophy.

Mr.   Moyer, our Principal Executive Officer, President and Chairman of the Board, does not participate in the determination of his own compensation or the compensation of directors. However, he makes recommendations to the Compensation Committee regarding the amount and form of the compensation of the other executive officers and key employees, and he often participates in the Compensation Committee’s deliberations about such persons’ compensation. Mr. Oliva, formerly our Principal Financial Officer, assisted the Compensation Committee in its deliberations regarding executive officer, director and employee compensation, prior to his resignation as Principal Financial Officer on July 11, 2023. No other executive officers participate in the determination of the amount or the form of the compensation of executive officers or directors. The Compensation Committee does not utilize the services of an independent compensation consultant to assist in its oversight of executive and director compensation. On January 30, 2018, the Board adopted a written charter for the Compensation Committee.

Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee

The members of our Boards nominating and corporate governance committee (“Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee”) are Robert Tobias, Dr. Jeffrey M. Gilbert and Lisa Cummins, each of whom are “independent” within the meaning of the Nasdaq rules. In addition, each member of our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee qualifies as a “non-employee director” under Rule 16b-3 of the Exchange Act. The purpose of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee is to recommend to the Board nominees for election as directors and persons to be elected to fill any vacancies on the Board, develop and recommend a set of corporate governance principles and oversee the performance of the Board. Mr. Tobias serves as Chairman of our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee.

The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee’s responsibilities include, among other things:

identifying, evaluating and selecting, or recommending that our Board approve, nominees for election to our Board and its committees;
evaluating the performance of our Board and of individual directors;
considering and making recommendations to our Board regarding the composition of our Board and its committees;
reviewing developments in corporate governance practices;
evaluating the adequacy of our corporate governance practices and reporting;
developing and making recommendations to our Board regarding corporate governance guidelines and matters; and
overseeing an annual evaluation of the Board’s performance.

Our Nominating and Governance Committee strives for a Board composed of individuals who bring a variety of complementary skills, expertise or background and who, as a group, will possess the appropriate skills and experience to oversee our business. The diversity of the members of the Board relates to the selection of its nominees. While the Committee considers diversity and variety of experiences and viewpoints to be important factors, it does not believe that a director nominee should be chosen or excluded solely or largely because of race, color, gender, national origin or sexual orientation or identity. In selecting a director nominee for recommendation to our Board, our Nominating and Governance Committee focuses on skills, expertise or background that would complement the existing members on the Board. Accordingly, although diversity may be a consideration in the Committee’s process, the Committee and the Board do not have a formal policy regarding the consideration of diversity in identifying director nominees.

28

Table of Contents

When the Nominating and Governance Committee has either identified a prospective nominee or determined that an additional or replacement director is required, the Nominating and Governance Committee may take such measures as it considers appropriate in connection with its evaluation of a director candidate, including candidate interviews, inquiry of the person or persons making the recommendation or nomination, engagement of an outside search firm to gather additional information, or reliance on the knowledge of the members of the Board or management. In its evaluation of director candidates, including the members of the Board eligible for re-election, the Nominating and Governance Committee considers a number of factors, including: the current size and composition of the Board, the needs of the Board and the respective committees of the Board, and such factors as judgment, independence, character and integrity, age, area of expertise, diversity of experience, length of service and potential conflicts of interest.

The Nominating and Governance Committee of the Board selects director nominees and recommends them to the full Board. In relation to such nomination process, the Nominating and Governance Committee:

determines the criteria for the selection of prospective directors and committee members;
reviews the composition and size of the Board and its committees to ensure proper expertise and diversity among its members;
evaluates the performance and contributions of directors eligible for re-election;
determines the desired qualifications for individual directors and desired skills and characteristics for the Board;
identifies persons who can provide needed skills and characteristics;
screens possible candidates for Board membership;
reviews any potential conflicts of interests between such candidates and the Company’s interests; and
shares information concerning the candidates with the Board and solicits input from other directors.

The Nominating and Governance Committee has specified the following minimum qualifications that it believes must be met by a nominee for a position on the Board: the highest personal and professional ethics and integrity; proven achievement and competence in the nominee’s field and the ability to exercise sound business judgment; skills that are complementary to those of the existing Board; the ability to assist and support management and make significant contributions to our success; the ability to work well with the other directors; the extent of the person’s familiarity with the issues affecting our business; an understanding of the fiduciary responsibilities that are required of a member of the Board; and the commitment of time and energy necessary to diligently carry out those responsibilities. A candidate for director must agree to abide by our Code of Ethics and Conduct.

After completing its evaluation, the Nominating and Governance Committee makes a recommendation to the full Board as to the persons who should be nominated to the Board, and the Board determines the nominees after considering the recommendation and report of the Committee.

Our Board does not have a policy with regard to the consideration of director candidates recommended by stockholders but would consider candidates recommended by stockholders. Our Board does not have such a policy because we do not reasonably expect to receive any director candidates recommended by stockholders based on past meetings. In the case of director candidates recommended by stockholders, our Board would evaluate such candidates using the factors described above.

Director Nomination Procedures

There have been no material changes to the procedures by which security holders may recommend nominees to the Board.

29

Table of Contents

Code of Business Conduct and Ethics

We have adopted a code of business conduct and ethics that applies to all of our employees and officers, including those officers responsible for financial reporting. We have also adopted a code of business conduct and ethics that applies to our directors. Both codes of business conduct and ethics are available on our website at https://ir.wisatechnologies.com/governance-docs. The information contained in or accessible through the foregoing website is not incorporated herein by reference and is intended for informational purposes only. We intend to disclose any amendments to such codes, or any waivers of its requirements, on our website to the extent required by applicable SEC rules and Nasdaq requirements.

Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation

None of our executive officers has served as a member of a compensation committee (or if no committee performs that function, our Board) of any other entity that has an executive officer serving as a member of our Board.

Insider Trading Arrangements and Policies

We have a written insider trading policy that applies to our directors, officers, employees, contractors and consultants, including our principal executive officer or principal financial officer and principal accounting officer, and persons performing similar functions, as well as certain additional persons enumerated in the insider trading policy, including, but not limited to, entities controlled by the aforesaid persons and their family members living in the same household. We intend to disclose future amendments to such policy, or any waivers of its requirements, applicable to any principal executive officer or principal financial officer and principal accounting officer, or persons performing similar functions or our directors on our website identified above or in a current report on Form 8-K that we would file with the SEC.

Our directors and executive officers may adopt written plans, known as Rule 10b5-1 plans, in which they will contract with a broker to buy or sell shares of our Common Stock on a periodic basis. Under a Rule 10b5-1 plan, a broker executes trades pursuant to parameters established by the director or officer when entering into the plan, without further direction from them. The director or officer may amend a Rule 10b5-1 plan in some circumstances and may terminate a plan at any time. Our directors and executive officers also may buy or sell additional shares outside of a Rule 10b5-1 plan when they are not in possession of material non-public information subject to compliance with the terms of our insider trading policy.

Item 11.Executive Compensation.

Summary Compensation Table for Fiscal Years 2023 and 2022

The following table sets forth all plan and non-plan compensation for the last two completed fiscal years paid to all individuals who served as the Company’s principal executive officer or acted in a similar capacity and the Company’s two other most highly compensated executive officers during the last completed fiscal year, as required by Item 402(m)(2) of Regulation S-K of the Securities Act. We refer to all of these individuals collectively as our “Named Executive Officers.”

    

    

    

    

    

Non-equity 

    

    

Stock 

incentive plan 

All other 

awards 

compensation 

compensation 

Name and Principal Position

    

Year

    

Salary ($)

    

Bonus ($)

    

($)(1)

    

    

($)

    

    

($)

    

Total ($)

Brett Moyer

 

2023

 

$

404,250

$

777

 

$

90,000

$

$

 

$

495,027

President and Chief Executive Officer

 

2022

$

404,250

$

19,250

(2)

$

353,500

$

$

$

777,000

  

  

George Oliva(3)

 

2023

$

255,939

$

178

$

36,000

$

$

$

292,117

Former Chief Financial Officer and Secretary

 

2022

$

288,750

$

13,750

(4)

$

209,500

$

$

$

512,000

  

Gary Williams

 

2023

$

267,496

$

92

$

62,400

$

$

$

329,988

Chief Accounting Officer, VP of Finance

 

2022

$

262,495

$

37,500

(5)

$

65,500

$

$

$

365,495

(1)Amounts reported in this column do not reflect the amounts actually received by our named executive officers. Instead, these amounts reflect the aggregate grant date fair value of each restricted stock award (“RSA”) and each RSU granted to the named executive officers during the fiscal years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, as computed in accordance with Financial Accounting

30

Table of Contents

Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 718. As required by SEC rules, the amounts shown exclude the impact of estimated forfeitures related to service-based vesting conditions.
(2)Cash bonus of $19,250 earned in 2021 and paid to Mr. Moyer in 2022.
(3) On July 11, 2023, George Oliva resigned as the Principal Financial Officer of the Company and assumed the role of the Senior Vice President of Finance and Strategic Operations of the Company. Mr. Oliva’s last day of employment with the Company was December 1, 2023.

(4)

Cash bonus of $13,750 earned in 2021 and paid to Mr. Oliva in 2022.

(5)

Includes cash bonus of $12,500 earned in 2021 that was paid to Mr. Williams in 2022.

31

Table of Contents

Executive Employment Agreements and Arrangements

Brett Moyer

Effective August 24, 2022, the Company entered into an employment agreement with Brett Moyer (the “Moyer Agreement”). Pursuant to the Moyer Agreement, Mr. Moyer agreed to continue to serve as our Chief Executive Officer and President and Mr. Moyer’s initial annual base salary will be $404,250, which is subject to adjustment approved by the Board. The Moyer Agreement has an unspecified term and Mr. Moyer will serve in his position on an at-will basis, subject to the payment of severance in certain circumstances as set forth in the Moyer Agreement. Pursuant to the Moyer Agreement, if Mr. Moyer is terminated without cause or resigns with good reason, he is entitled to receive twelve (12) months of salary. Mr. Moyer is also entitled to continue to receive the employer subsidy under group health, dental and vision coverage for the period of severance, which is twelve (12) months, a pro rata bonus for the year of termination and the acceleration of vesting with respect to all unvested equity awards. Additionally, in the event of a Change in Control (as defined in each of the Moyer Agreement), all unvested equity awards held by such executive officer shall immediately vest and become exercisable, provided that subject to any exceptions in any award agreement entered into with such executive officer, no exercise may occur more than six (6) months after such termination and in no event after the expiration of such award. Mr. Moyer is also entitled to be made whole for income, employment and excise taxes in the event that payments, benefits and distributions, including the effects of accelerated vesting of equity, would result in the application of the “golden parachute” excise tax under Internal Revenue Code Section 4999.

George Oliva

Effective August 24, 2022, the Company entered into an employment agreement with George Oliva (the “Oliva Agreement”). Pursuant to the Oliva Agreement, Mr. Oliva agreed to continue to serve as then Chief Financial Officer and Secretary of the Company, and Mr. Oliva’s initial annual base salary was $288,750, which is subject to adjustment approved by the Board. The Oliva Agreement has an unspecified term and Mr. Oliva served in his position on an at-will basis, subject to the payment of severance in certain circumstances as set forth in the Oliva Agreement. Pursuant to the Oliva Agreement, if Mr. Oliva was terminated without cause or resigned with good reason, he was entitled to receive twelve (12) months of salary. Mr. Oliva was also entitled to continue to receive the employer subsidy under group health, dental and vision coverage for the period of severance, which is twelve (12) months, a pro rata bonus for the year of termination and the acceleration of vesting with respect to all unvested equity awards. Additionally, in the event of a Change in Control (as defined in each of the Oliva Agreement), all unvested equity awards held by such executive officer shall immediately vest and become exercisable, provided that subject to any exceptions in any award agreement entered into with such executive officer, no exercise may occur more than six months after such termination and in no event after the expiration of such award. Mr. Oliva was also entitled to be made whole for income, employment and excise taxes in the event that payments, benefits and distributions, including the effects of accelerated vesting of equity, would result in the application of the “golden parachute” excise tax under Internal Revenue Code Section 4999.

Effective July 11, 2023, George Oliva resigned as Principal Financial Officer of the Company and entered into a separation agreement with the Company (the “Separation Agreement”), whereby amongst other things, his only title would be Senior Vice President of Finance and Strategic Operations of the Company. The Separation Agreement provided that Mr. Oliva’s employment would last until and through December 20, 2023 or such other date as mutually agreed between the Company and Mr. Oliva (the “Separation Date”). In connection with the Separation Agreement, Mr. Oliva was granted 30,000 RSAs on July 12, 2023 which are scheduled to fully vest on Mr. Oliva’s Separation Date. Additionally, as of the date of the Separation Agreement, Mr. Oliva had a total of 1,499 unvested RSAs and RSUs. The Company agreed to vest all of Mr. Oliva’s unvested RSAs and RSUs as of the Separation Date. The Separation Agreement also sets forth various terms regarding the treatment of other employee benefits that Mr. Oliva was entitled to receive under the Company’s existing plans. During the term of the Separation Agreement, Mr. Oliva’s base annual salary remained unchanged. As a material condition to the Separation Agreement, Mr. Oliva executed a supplemental release, which included a customary release of claims by Mr. Oliva (on behalf of himself, his heirs, executors, administrators and assigns) in favor of the Company. Mr. Oliva’s last day of employment with the Company was December 1, 2023.

32

Table of Contents

Gary Williams

Effective August 24, 2022, the Company entered into an employment agreement with Gary Williams (the “Williams Agreement”). Pursuant to the Williams Agreement, Mr. Williams agreed to continue to serve as Chief Accounting Officer and Vice President of Finance of the Company, and Mr. Williams’ initial annual base salary will be $262,495, which is subject to adjustment approved by the Board. The Williams Agreement has an unspecified term and Mr. Williams will serve in his position on an at-will basis, subject to the payment of severance in certain circumstances as set forth in the Williams Agreement. Pursuant to the Williams Agreement, if Mr. Williams is terminated without cause or resigns with good reason, he is entitled to receive six (6) months of salary. Mr. Williams is also entitled to continue to receive the employer subsidy under group health, dental and vision coverage for the period of severance, which is six (6) months, a pro rata bonus for the year of termination and the acceleration of vesting with respect to all unvested equity awards.

Additionally, in the event of a Change in Control (as defined in each of the Williams Agreement), all unvested equity awards held by such executive officer shall immediately vest and become exercisable, provided that subject to any exceptions in any award agreement entered into with such executive officer, no exercise may occur more than six (6) months after such termination and in no event after the expiration of such award.

Other Compensation

Other than as described above, there were no post-employment compensation, pension or nonqualified deferred compensation benefits earned by our Named Executive Officers during the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022. We do not have any retirement, pension or profit-sharing programs for the benefit of our directors, officers or other employees. The Board may recommend adoption of one or more such programs in the future.

Outstanding Equity Awards as of December 31, 2023

The following table provides information regarding the unexercised warrants to purchase Common Stock and stock awards held by each of our named executive officers:

    

Option/Warrant Awards

    

Stock Awards

Equity

incentive

Equity 

plan

incentive 

awards:

plan 

Market or

awards: 

payout

Number of 

value of

Number of 

Number of 

unearned 

unearned

Securities 

Securities 

Market 

shares, 

shares,

underlying 

underlying 

Number of 

value of 

units or 

units or

Unexercised 

Unexercised 

Option/ 

shares or 

shares or 

other 

other

Options and 

Options 

Warrant 

Option/ 

units of 

units of 

rights that 

rights that

Warrants 

and Warrants 

Exercise 

Warrant 

stock that

stock that

have not 

have not

(#) 

(#) 

Price 

Expiration 

 have not

 have not 

vested 

vested

Name

    

Exercisable

    

Unexercisable

    

($/Sh)

    

Date

    

 vested

    

vested (1)

    

(#)

    

($)

Brett Moyer

833

(2)

$

97.46

(2)

 

 

 

 

 

1,165

(3)

136.31

(3)

 

 

 

 

 

333

(4)

38.96

(4)

 

 

 

 

 

62,475

(5)

7,309.58

(5)

George Oliva(6)

 

 

 

 

 

$

Gary Williams

 

 

 

 

66

(7)

$

7.72

(7)

 

 

 

 

231

(8)

27.03

(8)

 

 

 

43,316

(9)

5,067.97

(9)

(1)Market value based upon the closing market price of $0.117 on December 29, 2023.
(2)Mr. Moyer was granted 2,500 shares of restricted Common Stock on February 24, 2021, which vest in equal installments on the first, second and third anniversaries of March 15, 2021.

33

Table of Contents

(3)Mr. Moyer was granted 2,500 shares of restricted Common Stock on January 13, 2022, which vest as follows: 1/5th of the grant to vest on September 15, 2022, and the remaining 4/5th of the grant to vest quarterly in equal installments over the next 36 months on each December 15th, March 15th, June 15th and September 15th thereafter until September 15, 2025.
(4)Mr. Moyer was granted 500 shares of restricted Common Stock on September 19, 2022, which vest in equal installments on the first, second and third anniversaries of September 19, 2022.
(5)Mr. Moyer was granted 75,000 shares of restricted Common Stock on July 12, 2023, which vest in equal installments, commencing on November 15, 2023 and every six (6) months thereafter until May 15, 2026.
(6)Effective July 11, 2023, George Oliva resigned as Principal Financial Officer of the Company and entered into the Separation Agreement with the Company, whereby amongst other things, his only title would be Senior Vice President of Finance and Strategic Operations of the Company. In connection with the Separation Agreement, Mr. Oliva was granted 30,000 RSAs on July 12, 2023 which were fully vested on December 1, 2023. Additionally, as of the date of the Separation Agreement, Mr. Oliva had a total of 1,499 unvested RSAs and RSUs, which were fully vested on December 1, 2023, his last day of employment with the Company.
(7)Mr. Williams was granted 200 shares of restricted Common Stock on February 24, 2021, which vest in equal installments on the first, second and third anniversaries of March 15, 2021.
(8)Mr. Williams was granted 500 shares of restricted Common Stock on January 13, 2022, which vest as follows: 1/5th of the grant to vest on September 15, 2022, and the remaining 4/5th of the grant to vest quarterly in equal installments over the next 36 months on each December 15th, March 15th, June 15th and September 15th thereafter until September 15, 2025.
(9)Mr. Williams was granted 52,000 shares of restricted Common Stock on July 12, 2023, which vest in equal installments, commencing on November 15, 2023 and every six (6) months thereafter until May 15, 2026.

2022 Management Team Retention Bonus Plan

On September 1, 2022, the Company adopted its Management Team Retention Bonus Plan (the “Retention Plan”), to incentivize certain management level employees (the “Managers”) to remain intact through and shortly following a potential “Change of Control” (as defined in the Retention Plan). The aggregate Retention Plan bonus amounts for all Managers was $1,250,000.

The Retention Plan provided that each Manager is eligible to receive a lump sum cash amount under the Retention Plan, on the earlier of the six-month anniversary of the date of a Change of Control or at the time of such Manager’s involuntary termination other than for “Cause” (as defined in the Retention Plan) or termination for “Good Reason” (as defined in the Retention Plan). The Retention Plan expired on June 30, 2023, unused, and no accruals were made.

Equity Incentive Plans

2018 Long-Term Stock Incentive Plan of the Company (the “LTIP”)

On January 30, 2018, the Board approved the establishment of the LTIP. The LTIP is intended to enable the Company to continue to attract able directors, employees, and consultants and to provide a means whereby those individuals upon whom the responsibilities rest for successful administration and management of the Company, and whose present and potential contributions are of importance, can acquire and maintain Common Stock ownership, thereby strengthening their concern for the Company’s welfare. The aggregate maximum number of shares of Common Stock (including shares underlying options) that may be issued under the LTIP pursuant to awards of Restricted Shares or Options will be limited to 15% of the outstanding shares of Common Stock, which calculation shall be made on the first trading day of each new fiscal year; provided that, in any year no more than 8% of the Common Stock or derivative securitization with Common Stock underlying 8% of the Common Stock may be issued in any fiscal year. Based on the total shares of Common Stock outstanding on January 1, 2024, up to 2,668,548 shares of Common Stock are available for participants under the LTIP. The number of shares of Common Stock that are the subject of awards under the LTIP which are forfeited or terminated, are settled in cash in lieu of shares of Common Stock or in a manner such that all or some of the shares covered by an award are not issued to a participant or are exchanged for awards that do not involve shares will again immediately become available to be issued pursuant to awards granted under the LTIP. If shares of Common Stock are withheld from payment of an award to satisfy tax obligations with respect to the award, those shares of Common Stock will be treated as shares that have been issued under the LTIP and will not again be available for issuance under the LTIP.

34

Table of Contents

The January 2018 Restricted Stock Grant and the LTIP were approved by a majority of the Company’s stockholders on January 31, 2018.

At a special meeting of our stockholders held on January 24, 2023, our stockholders approved certain amendments to the LTIP to: (i) increase the annual share limit of Common Stock that may be issued in any single fiscal year only for the 2023 fiscal year under the LTIP from 8% of the shares of Common Stock outstanding to 15% of the shares of Common Stock outstanding (which amount equates to the maximum amount that may be issued in the aggregate under the LTIP); and (ii) permit immediately quarterly calculations based on the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding as of the first trading day of each fiscal quarter, rather than solely as of the first trading day of the fiscal year.

2020 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2020 Plan”)

On July 27, 2020, the Board approved the establishment of the 2020 Plan and the reservation of an aggregate of 6,500 shares of Common Stock authorized for issuance under the 2020 Plan, subject to stockholder approval, which was obtained on October 20, 2020. The 2020 Plan authorizes the grant of equity-based compensation to the Company’s senior managers, employees, directors, consultants, professionals and service providers in the form of stock options, restricted stock and RSUs. All options granted under the 2020 Plan will be considered non-qualified stock options. The purpose of the 2020 Plan is to attract and retain senior managers, employees, directors, consultants, professionals and service providers who provide services to the Company, provided that such services are bona fide services that are not of a capital-raising nature during this period of unprecedented uncertainty and volatility in the COVID-19 environment and its impact on the value of the Company’s equity and grants. As of December 31, 2023, no options or RSAs have been granted under the 2020 Plan while an aggregate , net of cancellations, of 6,285 RSUs have been issued under the 2020 Plan of which 67 remained unvested at December 31, 2023.

Technical Team Retention Plan of 2022 (the “2022 Plan”)

On June 21, 2022, the Board adopted the Company’s Technical Team Retention Plan of 2022 (the “2022 Plan”) and the reservation of an aggregate of 5,000 shares of the Company’s common stock authorized for issuance under the 2022 Plan, subject to stockholder approval. The 2022 Plan authorizes the grant of equity-based compensation, to the Company’s key managers, employees, consultants who provide technical and engineering and related services to the Company, in the form of restricted stock and RSUs. On August 19, 2022, the Company held the 2022 Annual Meeting of Stockholders and approved the adoption of the 2022 Plan and the reservation of an aggregate of 5,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. On September 19, 2022, the Company granted, an aggregate of 3,700 RSUs to managers, employees, consultants. Each RSU represents the right to receive one share of the Company’s common stock under the 2022 Plan. As of December 31, 2023, no options or RSAs have been granted under the 2022 Plan while an aggregate, net of cancellations, of 3,450 RSUs have been issued under the 2022 Plan of which 2,531 remained unvested at December 31, 2023.

35

Table of Contents

DIRECTOR COMPENSATION

The table below sets forth the compensation paid to our directors during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023.

    

Fees Earned 

    

    

    

    

or 

Stock Awards 

All Other 

Director

    

Paid in Cash

    

(1)

    

Compensation

    

Total

Lisa Cummins

$

30,000

$

13,200

$

$

43,200

(2)

Dr. Jeffrey M. Gilbert

$

20,000

$

13,200

$

$

33,200

(3)

David Howitt

$

20,000

$

13,200

$

$

33,200

(4)

Helge Kristensen

$

20,000

$

13,200

$

$

33,200

(5)

Sriram Peruvemba

$

20,000

$

13,200

$

$

33,200

(6)

Robert Tobias

$

20,000

$

13,200

$

$

33,200

(7)

Wendy Wilson

$

20,000

$

13,200

$

$

33,200

(8)

(1)

Amounts reported in this column do not reflect the amounts actually received by our non-employee directors. Instead, these amounts reflect the aggregate grant date fair value of each restricted stock award and RSU granted to the Company’s directors during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023, as computed in accordance with FASB ASC 718. As required by SEC rules, the amounts shown exclude the impact of estimated forfeitures related to service-based vesting conditions.

(2)

Ms. Cummins was granted 11,000 shares of restricted Common Stock on July 12, 2023, which vest in equal installments, commencing on November 15, 2023 and every six (6) months thereafter until May 15, 2026.

(3)

Dr. Gilbert was granted 11,000 shares of restricted Common Stock on July 12, 2023, which vest in equal installments, commencing on November 15, 2023 and every six (6) months thereafter until May 15, 2026.

(4)

Mr. Howitt was granted 11,000 shares of restricted Common Stock on July 12, 2023, which vest in equal installments, commencing on November 15, 2023 and every six (6) months thereafter until May 15, 2026.

(5)

Mr. Kristensen was granted 11,000 shares of restricted Common Stock on July 12, 2023, which vest in equal installments, commencing on November 15, 2023 and every six (6) months thereafter until May 15, 2026.

(6)

Mr. Peruvemba was granted 11,000 shares of restricted Common Stock on July 12, 2023, which vest in equal installments, commencing on November 15, 2023 and every six (6) months thereafter until May 15, 2026.

(7)

Mr. Tobias was granted 11,000 shares of restricted Common Stock on July 12, 2023, which vest in equal installments, commencing on November 15, 2023 and every six (6) months thereafter until May 15, 2026

(8)

Ms. Wilson was granted 11,000 shares of restricted Common Stock on July 12, 2023, which vest in equal installments, commencing on November 15, 2023 and every six (6) months thereafter until May 15, 2026.

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

The following table sets forth, as of March 27, 2024, information regarding beneficial ownership of our Common Stock by:

·

each person, or group of affiliated persons, who is known by us to beneficially own more than 5% of our voting equity securities;

·

each of our named executive officers;

·

each of our directors; and

·

all of our executive officers and directors as a group.

36

Table of Contents

The percentage ownership information shown in the table is based upon 250,940,750 shares of Common Stock outstanding as of March 27, 2024. The percentage ownership information shown in the table excludes (i) 283,885,663 shares of Common Stock to be issued upon exercise of warrants (ii) pre-funded warrants to purchase up to 14,001,478 shares of Common Stock and (iii) 2,072 RSUs that have been issued but have not vested, in each case as of March 27, 2024.

Beneficial ownership is determined according to the rules of the SEC and generally means that a person has beneficial ownership of a security if he, she or it possesses sole or shared voting or investment power of that security, including securities that are exercisable for or convertible into shares of Common Stock within sixty (60) days of March 27, 2024. Except as indicated by the footnotes below, we believe, based on the information furnished to us, that the persons named in the table below have sole voting and investment power with respect to all shares of Common Stock shown that they beneficially own, subject to community property laws where applicable.

For purposes of computing the percentage of outstanding shares of our Common Stock held by each person or group of persons named above, any shares of Common Stock that such person or persons has the right to acquire within sixty (60) days of March 27, 2024 is deemed to be outstanding, but is not deemed to be outstanding for the purpose of computing the percentage ownership of any other person. The inclusion herein of any shares of Common Stock listed as beneficially owned does not constitute an admission of beneficial ownership.

Except as otherwise noted below, the address for persons listed in the table is c/o WiSA Technologies, Inc., 15268 NW Greenbrier Pkwy, Beaverton, OR 97006.

Common Stock Beneficially

 

Owned

Name and Address of Beneficial Owner(1):

    

Number

    

Percentage

5% or greater stockholders:

  

  

 

Joseph Reda(2)

25,075,000

9.99

%

Entities affiliated with Anson Investments Master Fund LP(3)

21,323,458

8.50

%

Directors and executive officers:

 

 

Brett Moyer, President, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board(4)

 

74,509

 

*

George Oliva, Former Chief Financial Officer and Secretary

 

 

Gary Williams, Chief Accounting Officer and Vice President of Finance(5)

 

48,931

 

*

Lisa Cummins, Director(6)

 

11,364

 

*

Dr. Jeffrey M. Gilbert, Director(7)

 

11,376

 

*

David Howitt, Director(8)

 

11,129

 

*

Helge Kristensen, Director(9)

 

11,449

 

*

Sriram Peruvemba, Director(10)

 

11,336

 

*

Robert Tobias, Director(11)

 

11,364

 

*

Wendy Wilson, Director(12)

 

11,222

 

*

All directors and exec. officers as a group (9 persons)(13)

202,680

*

*Less than 1%

(1)Percentage of total voting power represents voting power with respect to all shares of our Common Stock. Holders of Common Stock are entitled to one (1) vote per share for each share of Common Stock held by them.
(2)Shares of Common Stock beneficially owned include 25,075,000 shares of common stock. Shares of Common Stock beneficially owned exclude (i) up to 483,826 shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding pre-funded warrants issued in March 2024, (ii) up to 25,558,826 shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding common stock purchase warrants issued in March 2024, (iii) up to 23,076,000 shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding common stock purchase warrants issued in February 2024, (iv) up to 8,156,097 shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding common stock purchase warrants issued in January 2024, and (v) up to 9,645,526 shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding common stock purchase warrants issued in December 2023. The principal business address of Mr. Reda is 1 Wolfs Lane, Suite 316, Pelham, NY 10803.
(3)Shares of Common Stock beneficially owned (A) in the case of Anson Investments Master Fund LP, include 17,058,765 shares of common stock and exclude (i) up to 387,060 shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding pre-funded warrants issued in March 2024, (ii) up to 20,447,060 shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding common stock purchase warrants issued in March 2024, (iii) up to 51,058,400 shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding common

37

Table of Contents

stock purchase warrants issued in February 2024, (iv) up to 2,666,666 shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding common stock purchase warrants issued in January 2024, and (v) up to 10,670,846 shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding common stock purchase warrants issued in December 2023; and (B) in the case of Anson East Master Fund LP, include 4,264,693 shares of common stock and exclude (i) up to 96,766 shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding pre-funded warrants issued in March 2024, (ii) up to 5,111,766 shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding common stock purchase warrants issued in March 2024, (iii) up to 12,764,600 shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding common stock purchase warrants issued in February 2024, (iv) up to 666,667 shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding common stock purchase warrants issued in January 2024, and (v) up to 2,667,470 shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding common stock purchase warrants issued in December 2023. Anson Advisors Inc and Anson Funds Management LP, the Co-Investment Advisers of Anson Investments Master Fund LP and Anson East Master Fund LP (collectively, “Anson”), hold voting and dispositive power over the securities held by Anson. Tony Moore is the managing member of Anson Management GP LLC, which is the general partner of Anson Funds Management LP. Moez Kassam and Amin Nathoo are directors of Anson Advisors Inc. Mr. Moore Mr. Kassam and Mr. Nathoo each disclaim beneficial ownership of these securities, except to the extent of their pecuniary interest therein. The principal business address of Anson is Walkers Corporate Limited, Cayman Corporate Centre, 27 Hospital Road, George Town, Grand Cayman KY1-9008, Cayman Islands.
(4)The number of shares of Common Stock beneficially owned includes (i) 998 RSAs granted under the LTIP, which are scheduled to vest quarterly in equal installments for the period from March 15, 2024 to September 15, 2025, on each March 15th, June 15th, September 15th and December 15th, so long as Mr. Moyer remains in the service of the Company on each such date; (ii) 333 RSAs granted under the Company’s LTIP, which are scheduled to vest in equal installments on the second and third anniversaries of September 19, 2022, as long as Mr. Moyer remains in service of the Company on each such anniversary; and (iii) 62,475 RSAs granted under the 2018 LTIP, scheduled to vest in equal installments, commencing on May 15, 2024 and every six (6) months thereafter until May 15, 2026, so long as Mr. Moyer remains in the service of the Company on each such date.
(5)The number of shares of Common Stock beneficially owned includes (i) 198 RSAs granted under the LTIP, which are scheduled to vest quarterly in equal installments for the period from March 15, 2024 to September 15, 2025, on each March 15th, June 15th, September 15th and December 15th, so long as Mr. Williams remains in the service of the Company on each such date; and (ii) 43,316 RSAs granted under the 2018 LTIP, scheduled to vest in equal installments, commencing on May 15, 2024 and every six (6) months thereafter until May 15, 2026, so long as Mr. Williams remains in the service of the Company on each such date.
(6)The number of shares of Common Stock beneficially owned includes (i) 48 RSAs granted under the LTIP, which are scheduled to vest quarterly in equal installments for the period from September 15, 2023 to September 15, 2025, on each September 15th, December 15th, March 15th and June 15th, so long as Ms. Cummins remains in the service of the Company on each such date; and (ii) 9,163 RSAs granted under the 2018 LTIP, scheduled to vest in equal installments, commencing on November 15, 2023 and every six (6) months thereafter until May 15, 2026, so long as Ms. Cummins remains in the service of the Company on each such date.
(7)The number of shares of Common Stock beneficially owned includes (i) 48 RSAs granted under the LTIP, which are scheduled to vest quarterly in equal installments for the period from September 15, 2023 to September 15, 2025, on each September 15th, December 15th, March 15th and June 15th, so long as Dr. Gilbert remains in the service of the Company on each such date; and (ii) 9,163 RSAs granted under the 2018 LTIP, scheduled to vest in equal installments, commencing on November 15, 2023 and every six (6) months thereafter until May 15, 2026, so long as Dr. Gilbert remains in the service of the Company on each such date.
(8)The number of shares of Common Stock beneficially owned includes (i) 48 RSAs granted under the LTIP, which are scheduled to vest quarterly in equal installments for the period from September 15, 2023 to September 15, 2025, on each September 15th, December 15th, March 15th and June 15th, so long as Mr. Howitt remains in the service of the Company on each such date; and (ii) 9,163 RSAs granted under the 2018 LTIP, scheduled to vest in equal installments, commencing on November 15, 2023 and every six (6) months thereafter until May 15, 2026, so long as Mr. Howitt remains in the service of the Company on each such date.
(9)The number of shares of Common Stock beneficially owned includes (i) 48 RSAs granted under the LTIP, which are scheduled to vest quarterly in equal installments for the period from September 15, 2023 to September 15, 2025, on each September 15th, December 15th, March 15th and June 15th, so long as Mr. Kristensen remains in the service of the Company on each such date; and (ii) 9,163 RSAs granted under the 2018 LTIP, scheduled to vest in equal installments, commencing on November 15, 2023 and every six (6) months thereafter until May 15, 2026, so long as Mr. Kristensen remains in the service of the Company on each such date.

38

Table of Contents

(10)The number of shares of Common Stock beneficially owned includes (i) 48 RSAs granted under the LTIP, which are scheduled to vest quarterly in equal installments for the period from September 15, 2023 to September 15, 2025, on each September 15th, December 15th, March 15th and June 15th, so long as Mr. Peruvemba remains in the service of the Company on each such date; and (ii) 9,163 RSAs granted under the 2018 LTIP, scheduled to vest in equal installments, commencing on November 15, 2023 and every six (6) months thereafter until May 15, 2026, so long as Mr. Peruvemba remains in the service of the Company on each such date.
(11)The number of shares of Common Stock beneficially owned includes (i) 48 RSAs granted under the LTIP, which are scheduled to vest quarterly in equal installments for the period from September 15, 2023 to September 15, 2025, on each September 15th, December 15th, March 15th and June 15th, so long as Mr. Tobias remains in the service of the Company on each such date; and (ii) 9,163 RSAs granted under the 2018 LTIP, scheduled to vest in equal installments, commencing on November 15, 2023 and every six (6) months thereafter until May 15, 2026, so long as Mr. Tobias remains in the service of the Company on each such date.
(12)The number of shares of Common Stock beneficially owned consists of (i) 33 RSAs granted under the LTIP, which vest on the third anniversaries of May 15, 2021, so long as Ms. Wilson remains in the service of the Company on each such date; (ii) 48 RSAs granted under the LTIP, which are scheduled to vest quarterly in equal installments for the period from September 15, 2023 to September 15, 2025, on each September 15th, December 15th, March 15th and June 15th, so long as Ms. Wilson remains in the service of the Company on each such date; and (iii) 9,163 RSAs granted under the 2018 LTIP, scheduled to vest in equal installments, commencing on November 15, 2023 and every six (6) months thereafter until May 15, 2026, so long as Ms. Wilson remains in the service of the Company on each such date.
(13)See the information included in footnotes 2 through 12 above.

Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans as of December 31, 2023

    

    

    

Number of 

Securities 

Remaining 

Available for 

Future 

Number of 

Weighted 

Issuance 

Securities to Be 

Average 

under Equity 

Issued upon 

Exercise Price 

Compensation 

Exercise of 

of 

Plans 

Outstanding 

Outstanding 

(Excluding 

Options, 

Options, 

Securities 

Warrants and 

Warrants and 

Reflected in 

Plan Category

    

Rights

    

Rights

    

Column (a))

(a)

(b)

(c)

Equity compensation plans approved by security holders (1)

$

4,200,973

Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders

 

$

 

Total

 

$

 

4,200,973

(1) Represents an aggregate of 4,199,208 shares of Common Stock available for future issuance in connection with grants of securities under the LTIP, an aggregate of 215 shares of Common Stock available for future issuance in connection with grants of securities under the 2020 Plan and an aggregate of 1,550 shares of Common Stock available for future issuance in connection with grants of securities under the 2022 Plan. See “Executive Compensation – Equity Incentive Plans.”

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions

The following is a description of transactions since January 1, 2022, to which we have been a participant in which the amount involved exceeded or will exceed the lesser of (i) $120,000 or (ii) 1% of the average of our total assets for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, and in which any of our directors, executive officers or holders of more than 5% of our voting securities, or any members of their immediate family, had or will have a direct or indirect material interest, other than compensation arrangements which are described under “Executive Compensation.”

39

Table of Contents

Helge Kristensen

Mr. Kristensen has served as a member of the Board since 2010. Mr. Kristensen serves as vice president of Hansong Technology, an original device manufacturer of audio products based in China, president of Platin Gate Aps, a company with focus on service-branding in lifestyle products as well as pro line products based in Denmark and co-founder and director of Inizio Capital, an investment company based in the Cayman Islands.

For the fiscal years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, Hansong Technology purchased modules from the Company of approximately $88,000 and $361,000, respectively, and made payments to the Company of approximately $254,000 and $191,000, respectively. For the fiscal years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, Hansong Technology sold speaker products to the Company of approximately $128,000 and $1,891,000, respectively, and the Company made payments to Hansong Technology of approximately $1,223,000 and $1,831,000, respectively.

At December 31, 2023 and 2022, the Company owed Hansong Technology approximately $250,000 and $874,000, respectively. At December 31, 2023 and 2022, Hansong Technology owed the Company approximately $4,000 and $170,000, respectively.

As of December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, Mr. Kristensen owned less than 1.0% of the outstanding shares of the Common Stock.

David Howitt

Mr. Howitt has served as a member of the Board since December 2021. Since March 2004, Mr. Howitt has served as the founder and CEO of Meriwether Group LLC (“MWG”), a strategic consulting firm that works with disruptive consumer brands by integrating their visions, developing growth strategies, scaling their brands, and increasing revenue in order to build enterprise value. MWG, which is also majority-owned by Mr. Howitt, owns a 25% general partner interest in Meriwether Group Capital Hero Fund LP (“Meriwether”).

On September 8, 2023, the Company entered into a Loan and Security Agreement with Meriwether. Pursuant to the Loan and Security Agreement, Meriwether provided the Company with a term loan in the principal amount of $650,000 that was scheduled to mature on November 7, 2023, subject to further extension (the “Meriwether Loan”). The maturity date of the Meriwether Loan was subsequently extended to December 7, 2023. The Company paid back the loan in full on December 7, 2023.

As of December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, Mr. Howitt owned less than 1.0% of the outstanding shares of the Company’s Common Stock.

Outstanding Equity Grants to Directors and Executive Officers

We have granted warrants and restricted shares to our certain of our directors and executive officers. For more information regarding the warrants and stock awards granted to our directors and named executive officers, see “Executive Compensation—Outstanding Equity Awards as of December 31, 2023.”

Indemnification Agreements

We have entered into indemnification agreements with each of our directors and executive officers. Such indemnification agreements require us to indemnify our directors and executive officers to the fullest extent permitted by Delaware law.

40

Table of Contents

Related Person Transaction Policy

Our Audit Committee considers and approves or disapproves any related person transaction as required by Nasdaq regulations. The Company’s written policies and procedures on related party transactions cover any transaction, arrangement or relationship or series of similar transactions, arrangements or relationships (including any indebtedness or guarantee of indebtedness) in which: (i) the Company (or any subsidiary) is a participant; (ii) any related party has or will have a direct or indirect interest; and (iii) the aggregate amount involved (including any interest payable with respect to indebtedness) will or may be expected to exceed $120,000, except that there is no $120,000 threshold for members of the Audit Committee. A related party is any: (i) person who is or was (since the beginning of the two fiscal years preceding the last fiscal year, even if they do not presently serve in that role) an executive officer, director or nominee for election as a director; (ii) greater than five percent (5%) beneficial owner of the Company’s common stock or any other class of the Company’s voting equity securities; or (iii) immediate family member of any of the foregoing. An immediate family member includes a person’s spouse, parents, stepparents, children, stepchildren, siblings, mothers- and fathers-in-law, sons- and daughters-in-law, and brothers- and sisters-in-law and any person (other than a tenant or employee) sharing the same household as such person.

In determining whether to approve or ratify a related party transaction, the Audit Committee, or disinterested directors, as applicable, will take into account, among other factors it deems appropriate: (i) whether the transaction is on terms no less favorable than terms generally available to an unaffiliated third party under the same or similar circumstances; (ii) the nature and extent of the related party’s interest in the transaction; (iii) the material terms of the transactions; (iv) the importance of the transaction both to the Company and to the related party; (v) in the case of a transaction involving an executive officer or director, whether the transaction would interfere with the performance of such person’s duties to the Company; and (vi) in the case of a transaction involving a non-employee director or a nominee for election as a non-employee director (or their immediate family member), whether the transaction would disqualify the director or nominee from being deemed an “independent” director, as defined by Nasdaq, and whether the transaction would disqualify the individual from serving on the Audit Committee or the Compensation Committee or other committees of the Board under applicable Nasdaq and other regulatory requirements.

The Audit Committee only approves those related party transactions that are on terms comparable to, or more beneficial to us than, those that could be obtained in arm’s length dealings with an unrelated third party.

Director Independence

See “Corporate Governance—Director Independence.”

Item 14.

Principal Accountant Fees and Services.

BPM LLP is our independent registered public accounting firm and performed the audits of our consolidated financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022. The following table sets forth all fees billed or to be billed for such periods:

    

2023

    

2022

Audit fees (1)

$

423,026

$

414,768

Audit-related fees (2)

 

 

Tax fees (3)

 

42,982

 

23,542

All other fees

 

 

Total

$

466,008

$

438,310

(1)

“Audit fees” include fees for professional services rendered in connection with the audit of our annual consolidated financial statements, review of our quarterly consolidated financial statements and advisory services on accounting matters that were addressed during the annual audit and quarterly review. This category also includes fees for services that were incurred in connection with statutory and regulatory filings or engagements, such as consents and review of documents filed with the SEC.

(2)

“Audit-related fees” include fees billed for professional services rendered that are reasonably related to the performance of the audit or review of our consolidated financial statements including subscription for the online library of accounting research literature and are not reported under “Audit Fees”.

(3)

“Tax fees” include fees for tax compliance. Tax compliance fees encompass a variety of permissible services, including technical tax compliance related to federal and state income tax matters, and assistance with tax audits.

41

Table of Contents

Policy on Audit Committee Pre-Approval of Audit and Permissible Non-Audit Services of Independent Auditors

Our audit committee chairman pre-approves all audit and non-audit services provided by the independent registered public accounting firm prior to the engagement of the independent registered public accounting firm with respect to such services. The chairman of our audit committee has been delegated the authority by such committee to pre-approve all services by the independent registered public accounting firm. The chairman of our audit committee will report all such pre-approvals to the entire audit committee at the next committee meeting.

42

Table of Contents

PART IV

Item 15.

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules.

(a) The following documents are filed as part of this Report:

(1)Financial Statements:

The audited consolidated balance sheets of the Company as of December 31, 2023 and 2022, the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive loss, convertible preferred stock and stockholders’ equity and cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2023, the footnotes thereto, and the respective report of BPM LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, are filed herewith.

(2)Financial Schedules:

None.

Financial statement schedules have been omitted because they are either not applicable or the required information is included in the consolidated financial statements or notes hereto.

(3)Exhibits:

The exhibits listed in the accompanying index to exhibits are filed or incorporated by reference as part of this Report.

(b) The following are exhibits to this Report and, if incorporated by reference, we have indicated the document previously filed with the SEC in which the exhibit was included.

Certain of the agreements filed as exhibits to this Report contain representations and warranties by the parties to the agreements that have been made solely for the benefit of such parties. These representations and warranties:

may have been qualified by disclosures that were made to the other parties in connection with the negotiation of the agreements, which disclosures are not necessarily reflected in the agreements;
may apply standards of materiality that differ from those of a reasonable investor; and
were made only as of specified dates contained in the agreements and are subject to subsequent developments and changed circumstances.

Accordingly, these representations and warranties may not describe the actual state of affairs as of the date that these representations and warranties were made or at any other time. Investors should not rely on them as statements of fact.

Exhibit No.

    

Description of Exhibits

2.1

 

Certificate of Conversion of Summit Semiconductor, Inc. (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1/A (File No. 333-224267) filed with the SEC on July 23, 2018).

 

 

 

2.2

 

Plan of Conversion of Summit Semiconductor, Inc.(incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1/A (File No. 333-224267) filed with the SEC on July 23, 2018).

 

 

 

3.1(i)(a)

 

Certificate of Incorporation of Summit Semiconductor, Inc. (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1/A (File No. 333-224267) filed with the SEC on July 2, 2018).

 

 

 

3.1(i)(b)

 

Certificate of Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation of Summit Semiconductor, Inc. (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1/A (File No. 333-224267) filed with the SEC on July 25, 2018).

 

 

 

3.1(i)(c)

 

Certificate of Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation of Summit Semiconductor, Inc. (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on September 14, 2018).

 

 

 

3.1(i)(d)

 

Form of Certificate of Designations of the Preferences, Rights and Limitations of the Series A 8% Senior Convertible Preferred Stock (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 25, 2020).

 

 

 

3.1(i)(e)

 

Certificate of Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation of Summit Semiconductor, Inc. (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on April 8, 2020).

43

Table of Contents

Exhibit No.

    

Description of Exhibits

3.1(i)(f)

Certificate of Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation of WiSA Technologies, Inc. (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on March 11, 2022).

3.1(i)(g)

Series A Elimination Certificate (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on August 31, 2022).

3.1(i)(h)

Certificate of Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation of WiSA Technologies, Inc. (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on January 26, 2023).

3.1(i)(i)

Certificate of Amendment to WiSA Technologies, Inc.’s Certificate of Incorporation, filed with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware on March 25, 2024 (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on March 26, 2024).

3.1(i)(j)

Certificate of Designation of Preferences, Rights, and Limitations of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on October 19, 2023).

3.1(ii)

 

Bylaws of Summit Semiconductor, Inc. (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1/A (File No. 333-224267) filed with the SEC on July 2, 2018).

 

 

 

4.1

 

Form of Common Stock Certificate (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 29, 2019).

 

 

 

4.2

 

Form of Common Stock Purchase Warrant issued to holder of Series A 8% Senior Convertible Preferred Stock (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-230952) filed with the SEC on April 19, 2019).

 

 

 

4.3

 

Form of Pre-Funded Common Stock Purchase Warrant (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 14, 2019).

 

 

 

4.4

 

Form of Amendment No. 1 to Series F Common Stock Purchase Warrant (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 14, 2019).

 

 

 

4.5

 

Form of Common Stock Purchase Warrant, dated February 2020 (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on March 3, 2020).

 

 

 

4.6*

 

Description of Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

4.7

 

Form of Senior Secured Convertible Instrument, dated March 2020 (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on March 26, 2020).

 

 

 

4.8

 

Form of Common Stock Purchase Warrant, dated March 2020 (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on March 26, 2020).

 

 

 

4.9

 

Form of Placement Agent Warrant, dated March 2020 (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on March 26, 2020).

 

 

 

4.10

 

Form of Common Stock Purchase Warrant (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on June 5, 2020).

 

 

 

4.11

 

Form of Common Stock Purchase Warrant (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on June 10, 2020).

 

 

 

4.12

 

Form of Amendment to Common Stock Purchase Warrant (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 10, 2020).

 

 

 

4.13

 

Form of Common Stock Purchase Warrant (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on November 10, 2020).

 

 

 

4.14

Form of Common Stock Purchase Warrant (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on January 19, 2021).

4.15

Form of Common Stock Purchase Warrant (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on June 7, 2021).

44

Table of Contents

Exhibit No.

    

Description of Exhibits

4.16

Form of Common Stock Purchase Warrant (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on June 8, 2021).

4.17

Form of Restricted Stock Agreement for Directors under the Summit Semiconductor, Inc. 2018 Long-Term Stock Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-8 (File No. 333-265060) filed with the SEC on May 18, 2022).

4.18

Form of Restricted Stock Agreement for Employees under the Summit Semiconductor, Inc. 2018 Long-Term Stock Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-8 (File No. 333-265060) filed with the SEC on May 18, 2022).

4.19

Form of Senior Secured Convertible Note (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on August 19, 2022).

4.20

Form of Private Placement Warrant (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on August 19, 2022).

4.21

Form of Placement Agent Warrant (incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on August 19, 2022).